The base of each ponytail palm tapers up to a slender, graceful trunk, which is why a common name for this plant is “bottle palm.” Ponytail palms are native to Mexico, and gardeners in zones 10 and 11 can grow them outside in well-drained, sunny areas, where they can reach up to 20 feet tall. Use 6-inch-diameter pots with bottom drainage for planting new offsets. Beaucarnea recurvata, the elephant's foot or ponytail palm, is a species of plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to the states of Tamaulipas, Veracruz and San Luis Potosí in eastern Mexico. Ponytail palm propagation often uses these offsets, which can grow into a new plant if you remove them in the right way and provide the correct care. Recently, It had three babies, growing between the middle and top of the plant. Plant as deep as the seed’s size, water when the soil feels dry, and place the container is a warm and sunny location. The only time a ponytail palm should be pruned is if you are removing a pup from the mother for propagation. Ponytail palm is a small evergreen tree in its native place and can grow up to 10 meters high. Propagation For Ponytail Palm. Dust the bottom and lower sides of the offset with the rooting hormone powder, using a clean, dry paintbrush, to encourage it to set roots in the moss. The easiest way to propagate this plant is from pups, or side shoots, which grow around the base of a mature mother plant. However, seeds are not normally produced by palm houseplants and therefore must be obtained from an outside source. These plants sprout “babies” around the base of the original trunk/stem. One option is just buying seeds. Sign up for our newsletter. How to Propagate a Palm Plant. Soil must have good drainage as plants have a tendency to develop root rot on poorly drained soils. Propagating ponytail palm seeds is the surest way to grow more of these fun plants. Propagating ponytail palm pups will give you new little palms. Few pests or diseases affect ponytail palms if you allow the soil to dry out between waterings. The base of the bulbous trunk looks swollen. Ponytail palm propagation often uses these offsets, which can grow into a new plant if you remove them in the right way and provide the correct care. Ponytail palms are some of the most easygoing plants around, so they don’t require a lot of special care. To remove a pup, brush soil away from the base of the plant so you can get at the pups. Sago Palm is dioecious, flowering in June to August, male conidia cylindrical, small spore leaves woody, densely yellow-brown tomentose, abaxially with many drug capsules. The base of each ponytail palm tapers up to a slender, graceful trunk, which is why a common name for this plant is “bottle palm.” Ponytail palms are native to Mexico, and gardeners in zones 10 and 11 can grow them outside in well-drained, sunny areas, where they can reach up to 20 feet tall. Ask the Expert: Babies on my ponytail plant. Ponytail palm grows in full sun or partial shade on a wide range of soils. WATER. The difficultly is that the offsets depend on the parent plant and … Baby plants, called offsets, sometimes grow around the base of the mother plant. Set the offset in the prepared pot, pushing it into the soil slightly so the cut end is in the soil and the offset stays upright. Propagating Ponytail Palm Pups Spring is the best time to divide ponytail palm shoots. If possible, lift the offset slightly out of the soil, but leave it attached to the mother plant, so you can place some moss beneath it. It is usually carried out in spring and autumn festivals and winter festivals. A good mixture for seed is 4 parts sand, 2 parts peat, and 1 part each sterile soil and perlite. These can be cut off at the base when they reach at least 4 inches in height and planted in a succulent potting mix. How do I propagate these into new plants? The base of the ponytail palm has a bulging appearance with a more narrow trunk , topped with a fountain of long, slender leaves resembling blades of grass. The ponytail palm originates from the Asparagaceae family in eastern Mexico. Ponytail palms enjoy well-draining soil. Carefully excavate around the base of the parent plant to expose the base of the pups. Beaucarnea recurvata, the elephant's foot or ponytail palm, is a species of plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to the states of Tamaulipas, Veracruz and San Luis Potosí in eastern Mexico. Common name: Ponytail palm, elephant’s foot tree Botanic name: Beaucarnea recurvata (also known as Nolina recurvata and N. tuberculata) Description: A slow growing, evergreen tree to about 9m (30′) tall. Straight cuts usually bring multiple sprouts where cut & sometimes a few at the base. Plant details. There are Ponytail Palms living in Mexico that are officially documented to be over 350 years old. Most palm tree varieties are propagated by seed or by air layering. I have a 15 year old elephant foot Palm (ponytail Palm) very sentimental, from a relative that has passed. How to Care for a Ponytail Palm. Dust the cut surface of the offset with an even application of the rooting hormone powder. You can cut the offset from the mother plant and move it to the prepared pot after the offset begins forming visible roots. These fun little plants are usually only 2 to 4 feet (0.5-1 m.) tall in containers but outdoor, in-ground plants can achieve 10 to 15 feet (3-5 m.) in height. Spring is the best time to divide ponytail palm shoots. The process involves lopping off its ponytail (the top portion of … The foliage generally curves downward and can be as much as two feet long and just an inch wide. Propagating a ponytail palm is done through division—separating the baby plants (pups) from the mother. To prevent the interface from drying out, however, it should be treated with a wound dressing. Ask the Expert: Babies on my ponytail plant. These tiny plant off springs begin to grow at the base and can be used for propagation. Propagation is by seed, which usually must be imported from Mexico. The ponytail palm is and very well may always be a very popular houseplant and bonsai specimen. It can also grow outdoors in United States Department of Agriculture zones 9 to 12. Ponytail Palms (Beaucarnea recurvata) are slow growing plants. Growing ponytail palms from their seed results in a surer propagation method and seeds germinate rapidly if soaked overnight or gently scarified. Plant your ponytail palm in fast-draining soil like cactus mix, in a pot that’s just an inch … Fertilize your ponytail palm rarely, no more than a couple of times a year. If enough of the trunk is left on the bulb, new growth in the form of multiple sprouts will appear off the trunk. The easiest way to propagate a palm plant is through seed germination. Sow seeds in 3-inch (7.5 cm.) Propagating ponytail palm seeds starts with harvesting fresh seed from the ivory white to creamy green flowers. Pour the rooting hormone onto a plastic plate or dish and dip the offset in the powder. This is a very slow-growing, long-lived species. Moisten a small handful of sphagnum moss and pack it loosely around the base of the offset. If you have potting soil, sand, and … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. To separate a pup, dig down into the potting mix and find the base of the pup. Ponytail palms, also known as elephant foot, are fantastic and cute indoor houseplants, as their caudex makes for a striking appearance…. containers so you don’t need to disturb seedlings for quite some time. Instead, it resembles an oni… The difficultly is that the offsets depend on the parent plant and don't establish their roots very quickly. The Ponytail Palm Tree, scientific name Beaucarnea recurvata, is well-known because of its stunning trunk that is greatly swollen at the base making this palm look like a giant onion.. They are not a real tree or real palm, instead, this plant belongs to Agave family and is succulent with a bulbous trunk and long narrow leaves, presented like upright ponytails. Using clean, sharp plant shears or a knife, cut away the pup as cleanly as popssible. Despite its common name, it is not closely related to the true palms ().It has become popular in Europe and worldwide as an ornamental plant.There are 350-year-old Beaucarneas registered in Mexico. Because the foliage is quite long, ponytail palms require a generous amount of space. Try succulent and cacti soil amended with drainage materials such as perlite, pumice, or aquarium gravel. Over its thick stem base raises a thin stem and over this sits enthroned a thick leaf crown. These tiny plant off springs begin to grow at … Its leaves grow from small rosettes that sprout from the stem/trunk. Water sparingly so the soil remains moist but doesn't become wet or soggy during the rooting period. This slow growing palm is great for small gardens. Water the moss to moisten it only when it has almost completely dried. As a young plant, ponytail palms barely have a noticeable trunk. Baby ponytail palms root and grow best in well-draining, somewhat dry soil. Ponytail Palm Propagation: Propagating Ponytail Palm Pups. I inherited a pony tail plant about 20 years ago. Learn more about removing and planting these pups in this article. Pruning a ponytail palm. Do they have to be removed? While division is quicker, offsets do not always root. Although indoor grown Ponytail palms don’t flower and produce seeds, you can plant seeds in small containers that drain. Moisten the medium and sow seed on the surface of the soil, pressing it in lightly. Propagation by seed also takes several years to produce a small plant. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. The only time a ponytail palm should be pruned is if you are removing a pup from the mother for propagation. These babies become plants of their own, but remember, this plant is a slow grower. These are smaller versions of the parent plant that may crop up around the swollen trunk. Ponytail Palms Information Growing Outdoors And Indoors. Indoor ponytail palms rarely bloom, and if they don’t bloom, there’s no way that you’ll get seeds. Propagation For Ponytail Palm. But growing a ponytail palm outdoors is actually more common, believe it or not! Learn more about removing and planting these pups in … When planted outdoors, spring is the traditional planting time, though a ponytail palm can be planted at almost any time. Pruning a ponytail palm. A: Ponytail palm, Beaucarnea recurvata is a succulent that is more closely related to yucca than a true palm. Can You Cut a Sago Palm Root System in Half to Make Two? Ponytail palms (Beaucarnea recurvata) look like palm trees, and grow up to 30 feet tall in their native Central America. These are smaller versions of the parent plant that may crop up around the swollen trunk. Rarely, a ponytail palm may produce an offset—a small baby plant that stems from the base of the adult plant. Recently, It had three babies, growing between the middle and top of the plant. You can simply cut the trunk at any height to stimulate the formation of side shoots below the interface. These plants produce little “pups” when propagating themselves. By the way, you can prune the head & trunk (stem) off of a Ponytail Palm & propagate it. If your ponytail produces offsets near the base of the plant, you can remove those and pot them to create new plants. Ponytail Palms Information Growing Outdoors And Indoors. The propagation methods of Ponytail Palm are sowing propagation and cutting propagation. Bloom time is summer, so the best time for harvesting ponytail palm seeds is early fall. Despite its common name, it is not closely related to the true palms ().It has become popular in Europe and worldwide as an ornamental plant.There are 350-year-old Beaucarneas registered in Mexico. The thin, strap-like leaves are palm-like but the base looks more like an onion or an elephant’s foot than a palm trunk. These will have a thicker base attached to the trunk of the plant. 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