This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Congaree-River. After the end of the Civil War, Columbia would rebuild. Olympia Mills was one of the largest cotton mills in the world under one roof. Its 700-year-old cypress and giant pine and oak trees have been described as “the forest of champions, the redwoods of the East.” A portion of this area became Congaree Swamp National Monument in 1976, which was redesignated as Congaree National Park in 2003. Corrections? It was situated along the canal with lined trees and landscaping to screen the large concrete walls of the penitentiary. It is a large and impressive river that offers a variety of paddling opportunities. Topics. Six decades later, thousands of acres of the old-growth trees were preserved in Congaree Swamp National After a course of about 50 miles (80 km), part of which forms the boundary between Richland and Calhoun counties, the Congaree joins the Wateree River southeast of Columbia to become the Santee River. In 1865, on the 17th of February, General W.T. From The Congaree River’s origin at the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers near the Piedmont fall line in downtown Columbia, South Carolina, to its remote, bottomland terminus at Congaree National Park, the Congaree offers a distinct diversity of rich history, varied wildlife and remarkable habitat linking South Carolina’s largest city to its largest wilderness. It is a large and impressive river that offers a variety of paddling opportunities. They occupied territory between the Santee tribe below them and the Wateree tribe above. The Saluda River Valley was originally settled by Dutch immigrants in the 1700’s. In 1977, Mrs. Blanche Clarke Hare, who was then age 90, remembered seeing a chicken house go down the river … As early settlers began to move inland from the coast seeking fertile farmlands, native populations were displaced and populations declined as a result of smallpox epidemics brought to the continent by European settlers. Today the site sits on Riverland Drive, just south of an access point to the Cayce Riverwalk. S.C. Encyclopedia | At the fall line in Columbia, the Broad and Saluda rivers form the Congaree River. Columbia lies on a large out- crop of granite and in the 1850’s mining operations began on the river behind Granby Mill Village. Life On The Congaree River With more than 20 miles of riverwalk and trails, plus 12,000 years of history, Cayce, South Carolina offers a free, serene escape to nature within an urban environment. American Rivers also unveiled a new waterproof map and interpretative guide of the Congaree River Blue Trail. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1600: 800 History – Congaree Indians. Resource extraction on the Congaree River centered on cypress logging from 1898, when the Santee River Cypress Logging Company began to operate in the area of what is now the park. In 1701 Lawson (1860) found them settled on the northeast bank of Santee River below the mouth of the Wateree. The Congaree River was navigable for steamboats from Columbia to the Santee River. Oops, there was an error sending your message. Unfortunately for history, both ofthem were referred to as Fort Congaree. Steamboats and barges transported freight and passengers. It's part of the Congaree National Park which covers around 22,000 acres which holds the last remaining oldest growth bottom-land hardwoods in America. wilderness area. Found along the Congaree River , the 12,000 Year History Park is 350 acres of ADA accessible trails, bridges and boardwalks with evidence of human habitation for over 12,000 years. This panorama of Columbia looking east from the bridge shows the development of the capitol city around 1910. Above (4): Historical depiction of Sherman crossing the Broad River in pursuit of Confedearate troops. Prehistoric peoples hunted the fl oodplain of the Congaree river and fi shed its waters. Evidence of their presence can be found on river bluffs and terraces, sand bars, natural point bars, and man-made mounds along the river valley. On a map of 1715 the village of the Congaree is placed on the south bank of Congaree river, about opposite the site of Columbia. The Congaree River | History Of SC Slide Collection. The Broad River Bridge was built two years later in 1829 and a 1500 ft dam constructed to channel water into the Columbia Canal along the Broad River near its confluence with the Saluda. Further downstream on your adventure you will be taken back to a time when river boats ruled the Congaree River and helped in the development of Columbia. In 1791, Wade Hampton built a bridge crossing the river connecting Granby to Columbia. Norfolk, Va.: Donning Co., 1986. Built as a three sided palisaded fort with the fourth side along the river. The waterway of more than 175 miles in length eventually drained into the Atlantic Ocean. 1840's: Cattle mounts built near dikes within COSW in effort to make land useful for grazing. A fort bearing the tribal name was established near the village in 1718. NOTE: Forecasts for the Congaree River at Carolina Eastman are issued as needed during times of high water, but are not routinely available. Reliability of the Forecast: Based on current and forecast river, weather and reservoir conditions. The century-old Weston family burying ground was chosen for the site. Further downstream on your adventure you will be taken back to a time when river boats ruled the Congaree River and helped in the development of Columbia. History of Old Fort Congaree . The Congaree River Blue Trail is a 50-mile designated recreational paddling trail, extending from the state capital of Columbia, downstream to Congaree National Park. Inc., 1979. Modern visitors to the park enjoy a pristine landscape that seems ancient and untouched by human hands, but in truth its history is far different. The Congaree River was an important route for travel into the interior of the state until well into the 20th century. It is one of four spandrel arched bridges of reinforced concrete in the state. Kline, W. S. Columbia, the Capitol City of South Carolina: its history, resources, development and enterprises. Related SC Names – Congaree Indians. History For thousands of years before Europeans arrived in present-day South Carolina, the Congaree River valley was frequented by Indians. In 1830, the Saluda Factory was built as one of the first textile factories in the state. Sherman would enter the city. Abandoned in 1722. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). (side 1) Joseph Joyner owned a private ferry on the Congaree River near this site by 1749. Across the river, a trail, now US-1, headed After being blocked by the Columbia Diversion Dam and Canal for 125 years, those 25 miles of the Broad River above Columbia are now open to American shad and other migrating fish—and to the anglers wh… By 1846, railroad services were extending into the Upstate—Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson area. Epidemics severely reduced the Congaree population during the 1600s. Your input is greatly appreciated! Woodland Hills, CA: Windsor Pub. The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States; It flows for approximately 53 miles (85 km). Public Meeting - November 17, 2020 @ 6:30 PM. Dover, NH: Arcadia Pub., 1997. The Congaree, Broad, and Saluda Rivers provide miles of riverfront for South Carolina’s capitol city and played a significant role in Columbia’s landscape history. The large stone abutment on the West Columbia riverbank and the regularly spaced remnant of stone piers in the river show where these earlier bridges crossed the Congaree River. Designed by Joseph W. Barnwell, it is the earliest and most decorative of the three bridges that now cross the river. Lake Murray inundated some 78 square miles of land as one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. In 1927, plans for the largest earthen dam in the world had been set in place, and by 1933, the landscape would change dramatically. Fort Congaree II stood on the west bank of the Congaree River just below the fall line, and just north of the town of Saxe Gotha in present-day Cayce. Coal tar is a toxin-riddled byproduct of power production in the early 20th Century. Congaree Swamp, the focus of the national park, is the largest area of virgin Southern bottomland hardwoods remaining in the United States.The park consists of an alluvial floodplain on the meandering Congaree River.Flooding occurs about 10 times a year but lasts only from several days to a month at a time, and for most of the year the area is dry. Steamboats, tugs and canal boats regularly made the trip from Columbia to Charleston, via the Santee Canal, with more than 30,000 bales of cotton annually, and with full return freights. The river flooded every spring until the Dreher Shoals (Lake Murray) Dam was built. The Congaree River is formed by the confluence of the Saluda River and the Broad River in downtown Columbia. Skip to main content. Bald cypress, water oak, sycamore, tupelo and cottonwood are among the trees you'll find in this 24,395-acre park that wraps a Resource extraction on the Congaree River centered on cypress logging from 1898, when the Santee River Cypress Logging Company began to operate in the area of what is now the park. How to properly install wiring for a 24v Minn Kota Trolling Motor with a Circuit Breaker! From this confluence the Santee, as it is called, winds southeastward for 143 miles (230 km) to its delta on the Atlantic Ocean south of Georgetown, S.C. In the early 1900s, a timber tycoon decided to put his vast holdings of South Carolina forestland in timber reserve status. The Congaree River Bridge carries Gervais Street across the river to Lexington County. The first people in S.C.: SCDNR preserving history at Congaree, other locations. It had an eight foot-wide towpath on each side. Download (82.71 KB) Share to google classroom. It would play a significant role in Columbia’s commercial and industrial growth. Eswa Huppiday meaning “Line River” divided the territory with the Catawba claiming the land to the north and the Cherokee hunting the lands to the south. Congaree Riverkeeper is a 501(c)3 based out of Columbia, South Carolina. The village of Granby was established on the Congaree in what is now Cayce in 1753. It was a crossroads of the Catawba and Cherokee Nations and the staging point for backcountry development in the state. The Congaree River is heavily influenced by upstream dams, including the 200-foot-high Saluda Dam that creates 48,000-acre Lake Murray, the Columbia Diversion Dam on the Broad River just above the confluence, and the Parr Shoals Dam forming Parr Shoals Reservoir about 25 miles higher upstream. See Article History Congaree River, river, central South Carolina, U.S., formed by the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers at Columbia. Ferry boats were used to transport workers across the river to the mill, but with time, the need for a bridge became apparent. It was burned to delay the advance of Sherman's Army in 1865, rebuilt in 1870. In the meantime, the new interpretive historic markers along the Riverwalk and throughout the 12,000 Year History Park will can be used as a fun and educational activity for you and your family! The 22,000-acre park is the largest tract of old growth bottomland hardwood forest left in … We will introduce our guests to the history of the Congaree Indians for which the river gets its name. It was named for the Congaree Indians who used to live in the area. Steamboats and barges transported freight and passengers. It is a landscape of rivers, flood plain swamps and hardwood bluffs. Lowcountry Rivers led inland to the fall line, the area where the piedmont meets the coastal plain; an area that is characterized by the rapids and shoals of the Congaree, Broad and Saluda. The Congaree River flows through Congaree National Park in Hopkins, about 20 miles southeast of the capital city. Park history Pre-park. Blog. It's still very navigable even with large barges. The confluence of the Congaree The valley was subject to frequent flooding. The Congaree River begins in Columbia where the Saluda River and Broad River join together. The Congaree River Bridge, 1910 | History Of SC Slide Collection. We work to protect and improve water quality, wildlife habitat, and recreation on the Broad, Lower Saluda, and Congaree Rivers through advocacy, education, and enforcement of environmental laws. Established in the fall of 1718 by Captain Charles Russell and a dozen men as a fort and trading post. For a little over a mile, the Congaree River rolls over rapids, shoals, and interspersed islands before it … In 1786 the South Carolina General Assembly directed that the seat of government be moved from Charleston to Columbia, and with that the lower lying Granby was slowly forgotten. Print. We will introduce our guests to the history of the Congaree Indians for which the river gets its name. Old Fort Congaree (1718-1722) - A British colonial fort established in 1718 between the Congaree River and the Congaree Creek in Lexington County, South Carolina. Bald cypress, water oak, sycamore, tupelo and cottonwood are among the trees you'll find in this 24,395-acre park that wraps a It would nearly be destroyed by fire. Website | Directions. Original plans had designated the western shore of the Congaree River for construction of the Columbia Mills. Above the Congaree was no man’s land, although both tribes traveled the riverbanks to fish and hunt. Courtesy of the Columbia Museum of Art. The Congaree was named for an Indian tribe. Rivers would serve as the most important means of transportation in the state for the next 50 years. John McCord's private ferry succeeded Joyner's by 1757, becoming public in 1766 by statue. The Congaree River is the major river in the basin; there are no s ignificant tributary streams. The program will be hosted by Rudy Mancke and escorted by USC staff. As the Congaree makes its way past downtown Columbia, it descends the … The Broad River and the Saluda River merge to form the Congaree River, which then flows southeast for fifty miles before merging with the Wateree River. The bridge was named in his honor in 1979. It lies in the centre of the state on the east bank of the Congaree River at the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers. The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States; It flows for only 47 miles (78 km). General Robert E. Lee was one of the first to recognize the potential for a dam. More... St. John's Parish was organized in 1858 and a church building begun. Some of the steamboats carried sightseers on excursions and moonlight cruises. Located at the confluence of the Congaree and Wateree Rivers in central South Carolina, Congaree National Park protects the nation's largest intact expanse of old-growth bottomland hardwood forest. The Santee has been dammed to form Lake Marion, a reservoir 40 miles (64 km) long that…. Montgomery, Edgar A. Columbia, South Carolina: history of a city. Its history dates from 1786, when the legislature ordered a town laid out on the site to Ten years later, the State would drop its subsidy of the canal and by 1842 the railroads would arrive. They were a small tribe, having lost many by tribal feuds but more by smallpox. The Guinard Brick Works produced bricks for many of the buildings in Columbia from around 1900 to the mid-twentienth century. In the early 1900’s, Irwin Park provided a public space for Columbia’s growing population. The 627-acre preserve, owned and managed by the S.C. Department of Natural Resources, borders the Congaree River and Cayce, S.C. The Congaree Swamp, once some 110 square miles (285 square km) in area, is about 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Columbia and is one of the last of the South’s great virgin swamp forests. USGS 02169500 CONGAREE RIVER AT COLUMBIA, SC. He managed Bates Ferry over the Congaree River near this location from 1910 to 1922 and supervised construction of a toll bridge here that was completed in 1923. To this day, material from the quarry is used in highway building. Share to Google Classroom. As dawn broke on Feb. 16, 1865, Union soldiers moved in on the water’s edge, across from Columbia on the other side of the Congaree, according to the city’s history… This view of the Congaree River and the Columbia Canal was drawn by the artist A. Grivevald in 1859. The 627-acre preserve, owned and managed by SCDNR, borders the Congaree River and Cayce. The Gervais Street Bridge construction began in 1926 and was completed in 1928. Resource extraction on the Congaree River centered on cypress logging from 1898, when the Santee River Cypress Logging Company began to operate The Congaree River was named for the Siouan-speaking Congaree Indians, who settled below the confluence of the Broad and Saluda Rivers after the Yamassee War. In 1827, a bridge was constructed across the Congaree at the foot of the burgeoning industrial and commercial Gervais Street. The planned community of Brookland housed mill workers in what is now West Columbia. Had it not been for one man’s fateful decision, the magnificent old-growth forest of the Congaree River floodplain would have been destroyed long ago. Sennema, David C., and Martha D. Sennema. Site History - Congaree River. From 1928-1953, the Gervais Street Bridge would be the only means of crossing the Congaree. The first wooden bridge here was completed in 1827. The Congaree River was navigable for steamboats from Columbia to the Santee River. If you attended the Congaree River Cleanup Public Meeting on November 17, 2020, please consider filling out our feedback survey. I recommend this for couples or families or just for a stroll in nature. 1827 Congaree Bridge at Gervais Street After over two decades without a bridge over the Congaree River, citizens of Columbia began petitioning for one. As river traffic increased, and Columbia began to grow, it became necessary to build a canal. The weather was beautiful We enjoyed walking the trails and on the boardwalks beautiful birds of different kind were to be seen. There was also a zoo in the area where camels, deer, and exotic birds could be viewed. It was privately owned until 1912 when Richland and Lexington counties bought it and was dismantled when the current bridge was built. The first wooden bridge here was completed in 1827. BIG CAT on the Congaree River in SC. This video is unavailable. The river serves an important role as the final outlet channel for the entire Lower Saluda and Lower Broad watersheds, before merging with the Wateree River just north of Lake Marion to form the Santee River. (A historical marker located in Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina.) The Congaree lived along the Santee and Congaree rivers, above and below the junction of the Wateree, in central South Carolina. The bridge would be washed out and rebuilt several times before the end of the century. Deas-Moore, Vennie, Columbia’s Riverbank: A history of the waterways. Old Fort Congaree (1718-1722) - A British colonial fort established in 1718 between the Congaree River and the Congaree Creek in Lexington County, South Carolina. Prior to the building of the church, missionary services were held in the schoolhouse on Elm Savannah Plantation. Situated along the meandering Congaree River in central South Carolina, Congaree National Park is home to champion trees, primeval forest landscapes, and diverse plant and animal life. Cotton production in the state was among the largest in the country. In 1822, the Carolina made the trip upriver in 4 ½ days. In 1818, the General Assembly granted the Columbia Bridge Company a charter to build toll bridges over the Congaree, Saluda, and Broad Rivers near Columbia. The waterway of more than 175 miles in length eventually drained into the Atlantic Ocean. Robert Mills, a federal architect, was instrumental in its development. A partnership between the City of Cayce and the River Alliance, the 12,000 Year History Park is a unique historical site in Cayce, South Carolina, where the 1865 Civil War battle occurred and is also the location of the historical earthworks. Columbia, city, capital of South Carolina, U.S., and seat (1799) of Richland county. A major ferry crossing along the Congaree River, know as Friday's ferry, served the area. Population Estimates – Congaree Indians. From the time Native Americans known as the Congaree roamed this land, to the earliest settlers' camps along the river to Gen. William T. Sherman's capture and burning of the city during the Civil War, Columbia has had a rich and varied history. Affluent planters introduced the plantation system and took advantage of the existing native infrastructure, converting trading paths to roads and ferries crossings across the swamp as a means of transporting goods back to Charleston for market. History. Congaree River in Calhoun, Lexington, and Richland counties Congaree National Park. The statehouse would be built of this material. 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