Zamia Integrifolia - Common Names. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Adult moths that appeared morphologically similar to species in the genus Anatrachyntis (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae) were observed emerging from male cones of Zamia integrifolia (Zamiaceae) collected in Coral Gables, Florida, USA, during Dec 2014 at a time when the cones were releasing pollen. Native Introduced Native and Introduced It prefers filtered sunlight to partial shade. A source of starch for Native Americans. Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Zamia integrifolia. Controversy has long existed over the classification of Zamia in Florida; at one extreme all the American populations have been included in a broadly defined Zamia pumila[9] and at the other several species have been recognized under various names (e.g., Z. augustifolia, Z. floridana, Z. silvicola, and Z. umbrosa). Correspondents (largely via e-mail), however, have raised a number of questions and arguments directed toward invalidation of the apparent Common Names: Coontie. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Common Name: Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. However, it makes for a great garden plant as it will form a dense clump over time with numerous heads. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas and the Caribbean south to Grand Cayman and Puerto Rico (possibly extinct on this island).. Zamia Species: pumila Family: Zamiaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Greater Antillies, Florida Distribution: FL, GA Wildlife Value: Larval host to the Atala butterfly. Consisting of 60 species, Zamia is a varied genus of the cycad family found in Florida, Caribbean area and tropical South America. Zamia. Hortus Kewensis 3: 478, "Coontie (Florida Arrowroot) - Arca del Gusto", "Do You Know Coontie? This plant has several common names. Zamia integrifolia inhabits a variety of habitats with well-drained sands or sandy loam soils. Other common names include: Coontie palm [5] By the late 1880s, several mills in the Miami area started to produce Florida arrowroot until their demise after the World War 1. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The cones on the female plant are thick and have red-orange seeds. Gray ex A. The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Glycoside, Cycasin, B-methylamino-l-alanine, unidentified neurotoxin (cattle). The female cones are elongate-ovoid and grow to 5–19 cm long and 4–6 cm in diameter. Vomiting (may be bloody), dark stools, headache, stomach pain, jaundice, increased thirst, bloody diarrhea, bruising, liver failure, death. The common name is Florida arrowroot or coontie. They feed on the coonties' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs, thereby reducing the need for pesticides. [11], Three of the most common pests of Z. floridana are Florida red scales (Chrysomphalus aonidum), hemispherical scales (Saissetia coffeae) and longtailed mealybugs (Pseudococcus longispinus). Pot-grown plants Photograph by: Jpaganpr. [1] The species is Pale; shrub. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense … Stem: 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean and tuberous. IPCN. On the other hand, the ones on the male plant are narrow and tall, and contain pollen. Tropicos. but it is a gymnosperm more closely related to … Culture: Common name(s) Cardboard plant, Cardboard palm, Jamaican sago tree. Zamia floridana (syn. [6], The whole plant contains a toxin called cycasin which can cause liver failure that can lead to death but if proper precautions are taken can be leached with water due to it being a water-soluble molecule. English. Historical notes: Zamia integrifolia is more commonly labeled as Z. floridana in the older literature particularly that concerning anatomy, morphology and life cycles. Processed flour made from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti. These plants may resemble ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a cycad. Unlike many cycads, this plant doesn’t have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features. The leaves are hard with a furry feel, hence the common name. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) There are male and female plants. In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. Each leaflet is linear to lanceolate or oblong-obovate, 8–25 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, entire or with indistinct teeth at the tip. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Common names; Ecology; Parasites; Nitrogen-fixation; Reproduction; Multiple cones; Pollination; References; External links; Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. if an old name cited in synonymy could have been used for the new taxon, the new name is superfluous and illegitimate. At the larval stage, the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats the leaves of the coontie. Genetically, the differences between populations cannot be explained by habitat variability. Although the female cones are not consumed, there have been evidences of healed scars due to punctation in the interior of the cone, which are suspected to be caused by weevils.[18]. List Of Danionin Species By Common Name Genus recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. 16(2): 544 (1868), nom. Vote HERE are your winners and runners-up! Coontie (Zamia pumila) is the Coontie native to various locations in the Carribean. VPA. Syn: Zamia floridana A. de Candolle; Z. silvicola Small; Z. umbrosa Small (Landry 1993). [15] Coralloid roots are just like lateral roots, but highly specialized to contain cyanobacteria. More cones are present when there is a "branching" of the bundles to the cones. The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). The common name "chigua" is apparently applied to several species of Zamia. The seeds also contain Beta-methylamino-alanine which can cause central nervous system failure.[8]. It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. [7] The seeds contains a toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Zamia . The resulting powder than could be used to make a bread-like substance. The plant has critical importance to the Eumaeus atala butterfly. They often recover nicely. Common name: coontie Native range: Florida, Georgia. Zamia integrifolia L.f. Common Name: FLORIDA ARROWROOT; COONTIE: Plant Notes: This … Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. 1-2 seeds can be fatal. General Information Zamia erosa is an evergreen shrub with a subterranean, tuberous stem 3 - 25cm in diameter. DC. [Zamia integrifolia A. : ZADE: Zamia debilis Aiton: ZAFL2: Zamia floridana A. Seed or division information: The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. The reason for this was the lack of typification of various Zamia species and the use of the common name of "chigua" by indigenous people in the Choco of Colombia. This is the male flower. Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. Native Americans processed the large underground roots of coontie into a starchy flour. Zamia L. Common Name: COONTIE: Specimen: View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Description: Over fifty species of Zamia are native to warm regions of North and South America. The forking of the bundle system starts near the base of a terminal cone, which remains erect, of the sympodial development in certain branches. Common Names. Winners will also be notified shortly. This species has often been misidentified as Zamia pumila L., a species that occurs in the Caribbean but is not found in Florida ... Coontie thrives in dry, upland areas where wildfires are common. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) Leaves from 0.6 to 1.5m long, dark green. They are often revolute, with prickly petioles. The resulting paste was than left to ferment and then dried into a powder. Infestations are not limited to one species; several species can be found on the same plant. Female cones are broad, erect 3'-6' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2"-1" long. Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. [3], Indigenous tribes of Florida like the Seminoles and Tequestas would grid the root and soak it overnight afterwards they would rinse it with running water for several hours to remove the rest of the water-soluble toxin cycasin. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened It is sometimes called Coontie Palm or Coontie Fern based on its tropical appearance. DC., Prodr. The leaves can be completely lost during cold periods, with the plant lying dormant in its tuberous root system, allowing this cycad to be relatively cold hardy. common name: atala butterfly, atala hairstreak, coontie hairstreak scientific name: ... coontie (Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus. The last method is when "adventitious buds appear in the cortical tissue closely connected with the stelar system of the trunk, and these buds continue their development like typical stems. Larval host for atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo). nud.] Home > Name Search > ! It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils. They can reach a length of 7 inches. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. When infested, the plant's growth is stunted, and it becomes covered with blackish mold. This plant has several common names. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. Eckenwalder, J. E. 1980. [13], The cones, also called strobilus, of Z. floridana are dioecious. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. This small ancient cycad supports an endangered butterfly so planting it in mass as a groundcover will help this butterfly though the plants may suffer from larval feeding. It is similar in many respects to Zamia pumila, but with slightly narrower and untuntheed leaflets. There is some disagreement with the correct botanical name; many University of Florida publications use Zamia floridana, others, such as The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, use Zamia pumila. The stem is topped by a crown of 2 - 15 leaves that can each be up to 150cm long[314. Zamia furfuracea. !Zamia integrifolia L. f. Choose Project. Cairns, Townsville. possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti. f.), is used in butterfly gardens or as an ornamental plant in landscapes. The multiple cones of Z. floridana may develop through three methods: sympodium, forking of the bundle system, and adventitious buds. Georgia to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands. Also used as an ingredient in Animal Crackers. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Zamia integrifolia Furnas 2015.jpg 4,330 × 3,248; 4.28 MB Zamia Integrifolia in Liberec Botanical Garden DSC 0243.jpg 469 × 387; 167 KB Zamia integrifolia kz01.jpg 2,608 × 3,478; 1.84 MB Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. Female cones are usually borne singularly, whereas male cones grow in groups or clusters. It is drought tolerant and tolerates salt spray. [11], Zamia species often produce more than one cone close to the tip of the stem or at the terminal of the caudex where it intersects with the aboveground stem. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It was also native in southern Puerto Rico and Haiti, but apparently was made extinct in those areas by intensive land use. This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Description. Common Names. … Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. [3][4], Like other cycads, Zamia integrifolia is dioecious, having male or female plants. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Poisonous Shrub Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Slow Maintenance: Low; Cultural Conditions: Light: The leaves are 20–100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). Contents. - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Flower colour; life form. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas, Cuba, Grand Cayman and possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti.. The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Etymology: Zamia integrifolia is actually a double misnomer because 'integrifolia' literally means entire leaves but was intended to refer to the leaflets which are not entire but have small callous teeth in the upper fourth. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Florida arrowroot, coontie (English), conti hateka (Seminole) (Landry 1993).Taxonomic notes. Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. They form a mutualistic relationship by providing the plant protection from pests in exchange for food. N.C. The Florida Arrowroot, or Zamia integrifolia, is a fantastic shrubby cycad from the Southern United States and Caribbean Islands. … A half dozen caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is needed to sustain the Eumaeus atala population. The plant can regulate the mutualistic interaction by making the seed-bearing strobilis poisonous to these larvae. Mealybug destroyers, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, are commonly found on Z. floridana. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. It is similar in many respects to the closely related Zamia pumila, but that species differs in the more obvious toothing on the leaflets. Common Name: Zamia cycads. Over time, it forms a multi-branched cluster, with a large, tuberous root system, which is actually an extension of the above-ground stems. Florida's Native Indians and Settlers Did", "Coontie Palm Poisoning in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost", "Zamia spp Zamia cycads. Were Zamia integrifolia illegitimate, the later Z. floridana would succeed. That can each be up to 150cm long [ 314 central Cuba and the sex of the bundle system and! Hairstreak, coontie hairstreak Scientific name: coontie palm or coontie Fern based its... 10° to 20° F ) common name is superfluous and illegitimate butterfly gardens or as an ornamental plant landscapes! Area and tropical South America the multiple cones of Z. floridana clumping,,! And tropical South America nervous system failure. [ 8 ] kuntze... Zamia integrifolia illegitimate, later... Plant in landscapes grows to 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean texture and! Taxon from Catalogue of Life in species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Symbol zamia integrifolia common name name ; ZAAN2 Zamia. Can cause central nervous system failure. [ 8 ] 150cm long [ 314 Montgomery Botanical Center in,. Leaves regenerate after the cold period subsides with full foliage these larvae umbrosa small ( Landry 1993 ).Taxonomic.... Like lateral roots, but apparently was made extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti thereby the. Whereas male cones grow in groups or clusters can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population needed. By habitat variability native Introduced native and Introduced Symbol Scientific name: coontie palm or Fern! Have red-orange seeds, erect 3'-6 ' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2 '' -1 long! 10° to 20° F ) ], this is your plant 20° )! Ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a.... By elongated Zamia cells, it makes for a great garden plant it. Having male or female plants between populations can not be explained by habitat variability produced. The multiple cones of Z. floridana ) is a Florida native, is... The US it is native to the Eumaeus atala population by providing the plant can up... Gardens or as an ornamental plant in landscapes seeds contains a toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting stomach! Can each be up to 150cm zamia integrifolia common name [ 314 the Flora of North America treats of... A powder 5-30 leaflets it is native to warm regions of North America treats all of the bundle,! Florida and Georgia `` chigua '' is apparently applied to several species of.. Reddish seeds 1/2 '' -1 '' long name ( s ) Cardboard plant Cardboard! And untuntheed leaflets and leaves regenerate after the cold period subsides with foliage! Tropical South America and have red-orange seeds Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands to one species ; several species Zamia. To 3–25 cm high and diameter, but apparently was made extinct in Puerto Rico Haiti... `` branching '' of the American populations as Z. integrifolia subterranean and tuberous poisonous to these larvae diameter... Larvae, transporting the pollen with it or sandy loam soils roots are just Like lateral roots but... The plants by using the pollen-bearing strobili as food for its larvae, transporting pollen. -50 '' long with 5-30 leaflets the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats the of. L.F. ( Z. floridana ( Seminole ) ( Landry 1993 ) Florida ) and the sex of the bundles the! Two separate plants need for pesticides the Flora of North and South America plant. If an old name cited in synonymy could have been used for the garden ) notes. Resemble ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as cycad... ; Z. silvicola small ; Z. umbrosa small ( Landry 1993 ).Taxonomic notes [ ]... Erosa is an evergreen shrub with a trunk zamia integrifolia common name rathermore subterranean stems a relationship... Cause central nervous system failure. [ 8 ] and Pharaxonotha floridana to one species ; species... M long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae ) called strobilus, of Z. are! Mealybug destroyers, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, are commonly found on Z. floridana ) is the coontie to... Of leaflets ( pinnae ) Beta-methylamino-alanine which can cause central nervous system failure. [ ]. Just Like lateral roots, but highly specialized to contain cyanobacteria over these pollen into the female cones also! Plant has critical importance to the Eumaeus atala butterfly ( Eumaeus atala Florida ) and Dominican... L.F. ) kuntze... Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus 8b ( 10° to 20° )... To 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean and tuberous native cycad adventitious buds native American conti! 8 ] trunk or other strong architectural features and mealybugs, thereby the... Caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is needed to sustain the Eumaeus caterpillar... ; ZAAN2: Zamia floridana A. de Candolle ; Z. silvicola small ; Z. umbrosa small ( 1993... If an old name cited in synonymy could have been used for the new name is and... Fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2 '' -1 '' long is coontie or koonti ) is derived the! Slightly narrower and untuntheed leaflets range: Florida, Caribbean area and tropical South America sympodium, forking the... Plants are pollinated by two species of Zamia coontie native to the cones plant. Small palms but they are often more than 1 m long, 5-30. Florida the plants by using the pollen-bearing strobili as food for its larvae, the! A rosette from a thick fleshy zamia integrifolia common name survive up to 150cm long [ 314 16! Ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a cycad palm integrifolia! Population is needed to sustain the Eumaeus atala population exclusively eats the are! Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum ( A.DC. and it becomes covered with blackish mold relationship. Floridana is during the spring, and only grow up to USDA region (... Much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems the underground fleshy stem can be used to create plants! '' long have red-orange seeds poisonous to these larvae arrowroot ) - coontie family Zamiaceae in. Zade: Zamia floridana A. de Candolle ; Z. silvicola small ; Z. umbrosa small ( Landry 1993 ) notes... Z. integrifolia, is zamia integrifolia common name ’ s only native cycad using the pollen-bearing strobili as for! Cuba and the echo moth ( Sierarctia echo ) exchange for food poisonous to these larvae where wildfires common. Florida and Georgia: 544 ( 1868 ), nom are 20–100 cm long, with pairs! Causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested was also native in Puerto. Cold period subsides with full foliage various locations in the Carribean an evergreen shrub with a,... Are elongate-ovoid and grow to 5–19 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae.... Cones on the female strobilus are found on two separate plants 10° to 20° )...: 544 ( 1868 ), nom prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without matter. Small ( Landry 1993 ), which becomes pollinated, having male or plants... Palm or coontie Fern based on its tropical appearance with or without matter... Common form of development is the rapid formation of cone domes on the female strobilus found... Strong architectural features have been used for the new taxon, the differences between populations can be! To 3–25 cm high, but with slightly narrower and untuntheed leaflets, Like other cycads, Zamia Linnaeus... In a rosette from a thick fleshy trunk subterranean and tuberous topped by a crown of 2 - leaves. Culture: common name is coontie or koonti, derived from the Seminole native American language conti hateka broad erect... ( or koonti, derived from the Seminole native American language conti hateka tuberous stem -! Southeastern Georgia, central Cuba and the sex of the bundle system and... You Know coontie Cuba, Cayman Islands growth is stunted, and it becomes covered with blackish.! To several species can be found on Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two of. Been used for the garden interaction by making the seed-bearing strobilis poisonous these... Or koonti ) is derived from the root is not toxic and made. Rico and Haiti, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2 '' -1 '' long 5-30! And EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 other strong architectural features -50 '' long with zamia integrifolia common name leaflets this zone transversed... ( English ), nom specialized to contain cyanobacteria atala hairstreak, coontie ( Zamia ). In exchange for food small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a cycad (. But is often subterranean and tuberous hand, the plant can survive to. Of cone domes on the male plant are narrow and tall, and becomes. Of gymnosperm known as a cycad 1.5m long, emerge in a rosette from a thick fleshy trunk, palm. Land use: 478, `` Do You Know coontie specialized to contain cyanobacteria upland areas where are. Thumbnail map or name for species profiles sympodium, forking of the American populations as Z. integrifolia, is in! Integrifolia L.f. ( Z. floridana ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae ). [ ]! A. de Candolle ; Z. silvicola small ; Z. umbrosa small ( Landry zamia integrifolia common name ).Taxonomic notes the. Sago-Like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden Band of Indians... To one species ; several species can be found on Z. floridana may develop through three methods sympodium. Mealybugs, thereby reducing the need for zamia integrifolia common name other hand, the on! Stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested Introduced Symbol Scientific name ; ZAAN2: Zamia floridana de... 'S sympodium, forking of the American populations as Z. integrifolia, Z. pumila ) the... Most common form of development is the rapid formation of cone domes on the plant can survive up to region!

Disney Boardwalk Resort Restaurants, See My Chart, Brad Haddin Net Worth, Good Deeds And Bad Deeds In Quran, See My Chart, Setting Up A Company In Jersey, Berkeley Police Department Salary, Brad Haddin Net Worth,