But a dramatic new factor was involved in the separation of Esau and his descendants from the recognized posterity of Abraham. 1599-1645. Whiteside, A New Commentary on Paul's Epistles to Saints in Rome (Denton, Texas: Miss Inys Whiteside, 1945). Commentary on Romans 9:25-29 (Read Romans 9:25-29) The rejecting of the Jews, and the taking in the Gentiles, were foretold in the Old Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/romans-9.html. Paul moved from the first illustration of Isaac and Ishmael (vv. Part of the reason we know this is because Paul does not refer to salvation again until Romans 5:9-10. But this meaning of εἰς is said by [Schleusner ] to be sanctioned by Greek writers, such as [Herodotus ] and [Thucydides ] There is no necessity of introducing the word “children,” at the beginning of Romans 9:11; the antecedent in this case, as it sometimes happens, comes after the pronoun; and it is the “elder” and “younger” at the end of Romans 9:12. Romans 9:10 ff. 25. John Trapp Complete Commentary. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. God foreknew everything concerning the unborn twins, but he chose to tell Rebekah a part of what was foreknown. See Schleusner, Thes. Each approach comes with its own difficulties. Belief in the Resurrection of Christ. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Schol. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. It is not of works, but of Him Who effectually calls men. English Standard Version Update. Read Introduction to Romans . 10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; Ver. A. Paul’s heart for Israel. Nov 15, 2014. Commentary on this … Copyright � Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. Paul moved from the first illustration of Isaac and Ishmael (vv. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". The trouble is that man’s works are faulty. II. And though the preference which God gave to Jacob was literally true, as to temporal benefits; yet St. Augustine observes in divers places, that Jacob was a figure of the elect or predestinate, and Esau of the reprobate; and that as Jacob and his posterity was more favoured, purely by the mercy of God, without any merits on their side; so are God's elect, whom he has called, and to whom, according to his eternal purpose, he decreed to give eternal glory, and special graces to bring them thither. is in apposition. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/romans-9.html. 1909-1922. There is no way in which they can be established; and, as we have just seen, God acts in entire disregard of them. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/romans-9.html. Leviticus 18:20, οὐ δώσεις κοίτην σπέρματος, said of the man, which is opposed to the phrase ἔχειν κοίτην, of the woman in this passage. Study Notes on Romans Page #6 Introductory Thoughts about Commentaries Only the Scriptures provide an infallible, authoritatively inspired revelation of God’s will for man (2 Timothy 3:16,17). Jacob and Esau, as individuals, were not the principal concern of the election, but the nations which they would produce. Having conceived of one (εχ ενος κοιτην εχουσα — ex henos koitēn echousa). Romans 10:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 10:9, NIV: "If you declare with your mouth, 'Jesus is Lord,' and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved." forms an anacoluthon, and the period begun enters with Romans 9:11 upon quite another form (how forced, seeing that Romans 9:11-12 in themselves stand in perfectly regular construction!). By one. When Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac: this instance is added, because there might be some objection against the former; as if there were some reason why God chose Isaac, and refused Ishmael. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/romans-9.html. Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Some might object that Ishmael was not a true Jew. This is the kind of salvation Paul is referring to in Romans 1:16. 1897-1910. and not only she (Sara) brought forth Isaac, who was the only child of Abraham, to whom the promises descended, though he was the father of Ismael, by Agar, and of all the Ismaelites. It is the sovereignty of God, and God is not exlex; He is a law to Himself—a law all love and holiness and truth—in all His purposes towards men. 10.And not only so, but Rebecca also received a message, when she conceived by the first, (i.e., son or seed,) even our father Isaac: 11.for they being not yet born, and having not done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not, 12.through works, but through him who calls, it was said to her, “The elder shall serve the younger.”. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. Commentators on both sides seem to us to have overlooked the fact that the him that willeth and him that runneth signify not the suppliant or candidate before Jehovah for his mercy, but an intermediate third person (like Moses) between Jehovah and the suppliant. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. First, two DIFFERENT kinds of people were about to be launched into the stream of history, one weak, the other STRONGER. It appears impossible to view Paul's words here as teaching that God determines the destinies of people before they are born, as taught by some, For example, Murray stated: It should be remembered that Paul's entire argument here is to the effect that other factors besides fleshly descent had always been involved in determining the seed of Abraham. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/romans-9.html. He had shown that the principle of thus making a distinction among the posterity of Abraham was recognised in the original promise, thus proving that all the descendants of Abraham were not of course to be saved; and he now proceeds to show that the principle was recognised in the case of his posterity in the family of Isaac. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Font Size. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Romans 9 begins with Paul describing his anguish for his people Israel in their rejection of Christ. Romans 9:10 ff. He does so by showing that there has always been a distinction, among the descendants of the patriarchs, between those who have merely the natural connection to boast of, and those who are the Israel of God; and, as against Jewish pretensions, he shows at the same time that this distinction can be traced to nothing but God’s sovereignty. We may add that ἰς. Hence only the divine disposal constitutes the true and valid succession, and not the bodily descent. The Bible says in Romans 10:9-10: “[9] That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". BibliographyAbbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. To this the Apostle replies in Romans 9:10 … This shows that the choice of Jacob was altogether a sovereign act of God, not dependent upon anything that either Jacob or Esau had either done or left undone, the election coming before either of them was born. There was a separation in the immediate family of Abraham when Ishmael was cut off, and there was another separation in Isaac's immediate family when the Edomites (children of Esau) were cut off. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin. Romans 9:11. The idea that Romans 11:26 is a future promise for the universal salvation of ethnic Jews, at the time that “the full number of the Gentiles has come in” i.e. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. In this view the construction of the passage is regular; otherwise, an irregularity, or change of grammatical construction, must be assumed in Romans 9:12. God's Sovereign Choice. That which serves for the condemnation of the unbeliever, setting at nought all his wisdom, works in every way for the good of the faithful, and so is it with that marvellous fulfilment—the Resurrection. One father and twins. 1896. might stand according to election, might be, not according to any works they had done, or that he foresaw they would do, but merely according to his mercy. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". American Tract Society. ἡμῶν is not without a significant bearing on the argument, inasmuch as it contributes to make us feel the independence of the determination of the divine will on the theocratic descent, however legitimate. Commentary on Romans 10:1-4 (Read Romans 10:1-4) The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to come to Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every age do the same in various ways. They had the same father, the same mother, and were born at one birth. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". 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