All other Novembers except K-3 belonged to modified project – project 627A. The submarine performed an Arctic cruise that year (passed 2,382 miles up-top and 3,524 miles submerged) and launched four torpedoes to determine a size of an ice-hole after explosion and a possibility to surface there. K-3, the first Soviet submarine to sail on nuclear power, was on a Mediterranean patrol on September 8, 1967, when a hydraulic fire broke out in its torpedo tubes, with the resulting buildup of carbon monoxide killing thirty-nine sailors. Peregudov and the research supervisor was academician A.P. The reliability of the steam generators became better over the course of construction development, handling technical problems and training of crews, so Novembers began to frequently perform Arctic under-ice cruises and patrol missions to trace nuclear delivery vessels in Atlantic Ocean in the 1960s. K-27 resurfaced and returned from training area to home base using the starboard reactor. The second patrol mission to the Mediterranean Sea took place between 29 June – 30 August 1965 (60 days), K-27 detected and performed training attack with a nuclear torpedo against US Randolph aircraft carrier during NATO naval maneuvers off Sardinia. Launched 1 September 1958. First underway on nuclear power 4 June 1958. Australia’s Collins Class submarines will increase their operational effectiveness in hazardous, shallow waters through the delivery of sovereign Mine and Obstacle Avoidance Sonar (MOAS) and High Frequency Intercept Array (HFIA) systems developed by … Leonov skillfully disengaged. The only submarine of the class built to the original Project 627 design. K-133 performed 2 patrol missions (103 days total) in 1966–1968, 2 patrol missions (93 days total) in 1971–1976, 1 patrol mission (48 days) in 1977 and 1 patrol mission in 1983–1986. K-14 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 206th separate brigade of nuclear submarines, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 31 August 1960. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia has continued the policy of maintaining a mixed nuclear-conventional submarine force. US carrier force could only detect K-27 when she obtained range to the training target after the "torpedo attack" but Soviet captain P.F. The November class served in the Soviet Navy with the Northern Fleet (in 3rd submarine division, later in 17th submarine division). 402 in Severodvinsk: Operators: Laid down 4 April 1962, launched 22 October 1962, and commissioned 31 December 1962. Electric Boat - a wholly owned subsidiary of aerospace … Repair of K-27 ultimately proved too expensive a proposition, so it was scuttled by ramming in Stepovoy Bay in waters only thirty-three meters deep—rather than the three to four thousand meters required by the IAEA. November 2011 HMCS Victoria was completed at FMF Cape Breton in Esquimalt, British Columbia. In November 1964 the sail failure of fuel pins was detected during the scheduled repair in Severodvinsk and it was decided to refuel both reactors. The November-class boats finally began to enter retirement in the 1980s and early 1990s—but not before being subject to a final few accidents, not of their own making. It could have been a death sentence to serve on this sub. Three interim overhauls were made in 1965–1966, 1973–1975 (including refueling in 1975) and 1983–1985. K-3 performed 14 long range cruises and passed 128,443 miles over 30 years (1958–1988). The United States launched the first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, in 1954, revolutionizing undersea warfare. In 1975, K-21 was given to 17th submarine division which was a part of 11th submarine flotilla based in Gremikha. Try. Three compartments equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm pressure could be used as emergency shelters. K-11 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 16 March 1962. Like the United States Navy and other first-rate submarine powers of the Cold War period (1947-1991), the Soviet Navy ultimately transitioned its undersea force into the nuclear age with its first nuclear-powered attack submarine, the November-class (Project 627). The submarines crossed the Barents Sea, the Norwegian Sea, the whole Atlantic Ocean, entered the Pacific Ocean and finished the voyage at Kamchatka. The operation wasn't done till August 1968. The submarine performed 4 cruises in 1961 (passed 1,356 miles up-top and 1,967 miles submerged). November 2020 Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. K-8 started the trend in October 13, 1960, when a ruptured steam turbine nearly led to a reactor meltdown due to loss of coolant. The November class included 14 submarines: Project 627 (K-3 "Leninskiy Komsomol"), Project 627A (K-5, K-8, K-11, K-14, K-21, K-42 "Rostovskiy Komsomolets", K-50, K-52, K-115, K-133, K-159, K-181), Project 645 (K-27). In February 1965, radioactive steam blasted through K-11 on two separate occasions while it underwent refueling at base. The Republic of … She was under current repairs between October 1964 and September 1965. The submarine was commissioned on 30 October 1963 after full-scale builders sea trials and official tests. Commissioned 26 December 1959. K-159 was found and investigated by Russian deep-sea vehicles the same day in the point 69°22.64'N, 33°49.51'E (Barents Sea, 2.4 miles from Kildin Island) at a depth of 248 m. K-159 performed 9 missions and passed 212,618 miles since June 1963. In 1970, the ill-fated K-8 was participating in the Okean 70 war games off the Bay of Biscay when it suffered simultaneous short circuits in its command center and reactor control room, spreading a fire through the air conditioning system. The keel was laid on 24 September 1955. Crewmembers were evacuated from the reactor compartment, the reactor cover was lowered down and naval staff was informed about the accident. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved, lacked the long-range missiles or bombers. Laid down on 15 October 1959, launched on 28 August 1960, and commissioned 10 December 1960. Captain of K-14 captain 1st rank D.N. Here's What You Need To Remember: The November-class submarines may not have been particularly silent hunters, but they nonetheless marked a breakthrough in providing the Soviet submarine fleet global reach while operating submerged. 8 533 mm bow torpedo tubes (20 torpedoes SET-65 or 53-65K).  The accident occurred due to short circuits that took place in III and VII compartments simultaneously at a depth of 120 m and a subsequent fire in the air-conditioning system. The result was a boat with a few advantages compared to its American competition, but that also exhibited a disturbing tendency to catastrophic accidents that would prove characteristic of the burgeoning Soviet submarine fleet during the Cold War. K-431 accident update. However, after expert opinions of Soviet naval specialists were considered, the role of the class changed to torpedo attacks on enemy warships and transport ships during actions along the ocean and distant sea routes. surface – 15.2 / 15.5 / 14.7 knots; submerged – 30 / 28 / 30.2 knots (project 627 / 627A / 645), usually 104–105 men (including 30 officers). Reflecting this change of mission, the final design of Project 627 was developed with eight 533 mm torpedo tubes instead of the initial plan for one 1,550 mm and two 533 mm torpedo tubes. It joins several other submarines of its class in this configuration and another dozen of the similar class. by ROBERT FARLEY. He surfaced the submarine and rescued the commander and second-in-command who organized damage control). Submarine operations are, of course, inherently risky; the U.S. Navy also lost two submarines during the 1960s, though it hasn’t lost any since. Project 627 had much better performance specifications (for example, submerged speed and depth) than the world's first operational nuclear-powered submarine USS Nautilus. At the time, the Soviet Union lacked the long-range missiles or bombers that could easily hit most of the continental United States. click for more detailed Chinese translation, definition, pronunciation and example sentences. 52 sailors including the commander, Captain 2nd Rank Vsevolod Borisovich Bessonov, died due to CO2 poisoning and the flooding of the surfaced submarine during 80 hours of damage control in stormy conditions, 73 sailors were rescued. A single vessel, submarine K-27, was built as project 645 to use a pair of liquid metal-cooled VT-1 reactors. November 2012 HMCS Windsor’s EDWP maintenance was completed at the Fleet Maintenance Facility (FMF) Cape Scott in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The 'NOVEMBERs' were the first Soviet SSNs, contemporaries of the 'ECHO' class SSGN and 'HOTEL' class SSBN. Alexandrov. K-11 was a Soviet November-class (Project 627A) nuclear-powered attack submarine that had two reactor accidents during loading of the nuclear reactor core in Severodvinsk on 7 and 12 February 1965. K-133 was laid down on 3 July 1961, launched on 5 July 1962, and commissioned 29 October 1962. Construction began at SEVMASH Shipyard, Severodvinsk, in June 1954. The November class, Soviet designation Project 627 Kit (Russian: Кит, lit. ' K-27 was launched on 1 April 1962 and had some additional differences from Novembers: cone-shaped hull head, new antimagnetic strong steel alloys, somewhat different configuration of compartments, and a rapid loading mechanism for each torpedo tube. In April 2010, Wired $2agazine published an article on the survey of the sunken submarine conducted by the UK company ADUS Ltd. The article was accompanied by high resolution multibeam sonar images of the wreck. This occurred north-east of the Faeroes and 39 sailors died due to carbon monoxide poisoning (boatswain Lunya was the only person in the central station who didn't black out. K-50 covered 171,456 miles (24,760 operational hours) since placed in service.. The submarine was given to 17th submarine division based in Gremikha in 1969 (17th submarine division became a part of 11th submarine flotilla in 1974). More than 135 Soviet organizations (20 design bureaus, 35 research institutes, 80 works) participated in the design and construction of this completely new type of submarine in 1952–1958. A Soviet ‘November-class’ submarine. Gulyaev was awarded with the Hero of the Soviet Union for mission success and record of submarine continuous underwater stay. November Class was the designation for this initial series of Soviet nuclear-powered torpedo attack submarines, which were in service from 1958 through 1991.  All disposed Submarine K-3, the first nuclear submarine built for the Soviet Navy, might be preserved as a memorial.. Golubev and commander of the 3rd division of nuclear submarines (chief officer on board) captain 1st rank N.K. Soviet reactors were superior to American ones in compactness and power-to-weight ratio, but the vibrations of Soviet reactors were much more pronounced. Other articles where November is discussed: submarine: Nuclear propulsion: …first nuclear submarines, of the November class, entered service in 1958. On 12 April 1970, after four days on the surface, K-8 sank returning from patrol and participation in the large scale "Okean-70" naval exercise. K-11 passed 168,889 miles (21,926 operational hours) since placed in service.. The submarine performed a number of cruises including participation in naval exercise "Ograda" (Protective fence) during 4 March 1965 – 4 April 1965, patrol mission in North Atlantic in July 1965, two patrol missions (161 days) in 1969–1973, one patrol mission in 1978 (51 days), one patrol mission in December 1983 – January 1984. Novembers detected submarine targets during active service (for example, there were 42 detections in 1965 when regular cruises of Soviet nuclear-powered submarines began). Its double-hulled interior was divided into nine compartments, housing a crew of seventy-four seamen and thirty officers. K-14 performed 14 long-range cruises and passed 185,831 miles (22,273 operational hours) since placed in service.. It should be noted that the responsible officers informed the command before trials that port-side reactor was not tested yet after small failure took place on 13 October 1967 but their warnings were not taken into consideration. Skip to main content.ca Hello, Sign in. The submarine reached base successfully. This was the first loss of a Soviet nuclear-powered submarine. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) used the standard radio communication phonetic alphabet to denote submarine classes. Later named "Leninskiy Komsomol". K-27 passed 12,425 miles (including 12,278 miles undersea) during the first cruise and 15,000 miles during the second one. Jun 12, 2019 - Explore charles wellington's board "SUBMARINE CUTAWAYS" on Pinterest. Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. The class was originally tasked with entering American naval bases and using the thermonuclear gas-steam powered T-15 torpedo to destroy them once in range (The T-15 torpedo had the following specifications: calibre 1,550 mm, length 23.5 m, range 40–50 km). However, the 627 lacked another quality generally expected of a nuclear submarine: the reactors were extremely noisy, making the Project 627 boats easy to detect despite the use of stealthy propellers and the first anti-sonar coating applied to a nuclear submarine. Captain of K-27, captain 1st rank I.I. The attempts to extinguish the fire in the reactor compartment with the use of fresh water and CO2 fire extinguishers were not successful so shipyard fire fighting vehicles filled the reactor compartment with 250 tons of outside water. The submarine was decommissioned from the order of battle on 19 April 1990. There was a serious accident on board K-3 on 8 September 1967. She was laid up in Postovaya Bay (Sovetskaya Gavan) as of 2000. 09 November 2020. 10 (SRZ-10) in Polyarny for further scrapping. Photo via Wikimedia The rescue operation ended in death. K-11 performed five patrol missions in 1968–1970 (305 days). The Georgia was launched in 1982 and is one of the Ohio-class submarines. Osipenko (future admiral and Hero of the Soviet Union). The submarine was decommissioned on 1 February 1979 and her reactor compartment was filled with special solidifying mixture of furfurol and bitumen in summer 1981 (the work was performed by Severodvinsk shipyard No. November Class Submarine. The November class were double-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). , The reliability of the first Soviet nuclear-powered submarines was relatively low because of the short service life of the steam generators in the main propulsion machinery, which caused an increase of the radioactivity level in the second loop of the reactor after several hundred hours of reactor operation. Shortly after the ship limped home on its starboard reactor, five of the crew died from radiation exposure within a month, with twenty-five more to follow in subsequent years.  She lied up in Gremikha Bay as of May 2000 waiting utilization.  The Soviet hydroacoustic equipment on the Novembers was not intended for submarine hunting, and had relatively limited capabilities. K-8 was a November-class submarine of the Soviet Northern Fleet that sank in the Bay of Biscay with her nuclear weapons on board on April 12, 1970. The first experimental discharging of reactor cores directly in the naval base was made on K-14 in 1961. The 627’s VM-A reactors were more powerful than their American contemporaries, speeding the Project 627s along up to thirty knots (34.5 miles per hour). A 'NOVEMBER' class (Project 627 "Kit") attack submarine. K-14 performed 3 patrol missions (135 days) in 1973–1975, participated in training cruises in 1979–1982. The submarine was decommissioned from the order of battle on 30 May 1989. , Laid down 28 November 1962, launched 17 August 1963, and commissioned 30 November 1963. The Project 627 (Russian – проект 627 "Кит" (Whale), NATO – November) class submarine was the Soviet Union's first class of nuclear-powered submarines. The first patrol mission of the experimental submarine to Central Atlantic was performed between 21 April – 12 June 1964 (52 days). Flagman 1/350 K-3 “November” Class Submarine By Chris Banyai-Riepl. Purpose was to protect wooden ships against ironclads. K-133 passed around 21,000 miles for 52 days of that voyage. A fire on April 8 had disabled the submarine and it was being towed in rough seas. The Bay of Biscay is one of the world’s great submarine graveyards. More than 30 sailors participated in accident elimination died between 1968–2003 because of over exposure to radiation and the Soviet government held back the truth about the tragic consequences of that reactor emergency for many years. The K-8 nuclear submarine, a Project 627 A (NATO code name: November class) of the Soviet Navy’s Northern Fleet, sank in the Bay of Biscaya on 8 April 1970 resulting in the death of 52 crew members. MG-200 "Arktika-M" sonar system for target detection, "Svet" detection of hydroacoustic signals and underwater sonar communication sonar system, "MG-10" hydrophone station (project 627 submarines had "Mars-16KP"), "Luch" sonar system for detection of underwater obstacles , "Prizma detection radar for surface targets and torpedo control , "Nakat-M" reconnaissance radar . The repair crews misdiagnosed the implications of the first event and followed incorrect procedures during the second, and were ultimately forced to evacuate the reactor room, leading to fires breaking out across the ship. November class SSN 645 project.svg 1,102 × 186; 488 KB November submarine.svg 989 × 398; 65 KB Ohio-class submarine launches Tomahawk Cruise missiles (artist concept).jpg 2,988 × … Radiation alarm was transmitted only after requests of a chemical officer and a doctor. A lack of radiation shielding resulted in frequent crew illness, and many of the boat suffered multiple reactor malfunctions over their lifetimes. Plans to raise K-159 have foundered to this day due to lack of funding. Four of the class (K-14, K-42, K-115, K-133) were transferred to the Soviet Pacific Fleet in the 1960s: K-14, K-42 and K-115 performed Arctic under-ice voyages whereas K-133 transferred to Far East on south route via Drake Strait (covering 21,000 miles during 52 days of submerged running). Share . The US Navy has awarded General Dynamics Electric Boat a USD9.5 billion contract modification option for construction and testing of the first two Columbia class nuclear-powered submarines, as well as associated design and engineering support. Media in category "November class submarines" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. K-8 was a November-class submarine of the Soviet Northern Fleet that sank in the Bay of Biscay with her nuclear weapons on board on April 12, 1970. The entire command crew passed out, save for a lone petty officer who managed to surface the ship, saving the vessel. The entire crew of 124 was irradiated by radioactive gas, but Captain Leonov refused to take emergency measures until hours later due to his faith in the reactor. The Project P627A design armed with nuclear cruise missile system P-20 was developed in 1956–1957 but not finished, equipment and mechanisms were used for building the usual attack submarine of project 627A (submarine K-50). However, as these capabilities emerged in the mid-1950s, the Project 627 design was revised to reflect an antiship role, with eight torpedo tubes located in the bow and combat systems taken from Foxtrot-class diesel submarines. The first successful search and relatively long tracking of a "probable enemy" by Novembers was performed in the Atlantic Ocean in 1966, when K-181 tailed USS Saratoga (CV-60) for four days. Flimsy pontoons were welded onto K-159 to enable its towing to a scrapping site, but on August 30 a sea squall ripped away one of the pontoons, causing the boat to begin foundering around midnight. Leonid Osipenko, using a reactor design supervised by renowned scientist Anatoly Alexandrov. Machinery problems were the main reason why Project 627/627A submarines were not used during the Cuban Missile Crisis in autumn 1962. A fire on April 8 had disabled the submarine and it was being towed in rough seas. The November class were double-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). The following year, the Soviet Union began building its own nuclear submarine, the Project 627—known as the November class by NATO. The submarine was used for training cruises since 1988 and decommissioned from the Navy's order of battle on 19 April 1990. K-50 was laid down on 14 February 1963 (using some mechanisms and equipment from unfinished submarine of project P627A), launched on 16 December 1963, and commissioned 17 July 1964. The submarine performed under-ice cruise from the Northern Fleet to the Pacific Ocean Fleet between 30 August and 17 September 1966, K-14 resurfaced 19 times at the North Pole for searches the Soviet research drifting station SP-15 to apply medical aid to one of the expeditionists from the station. After full-scale Builders sea trials and official tests Columbia class submarines for US Navy of funding 7. And five patrol missions in 1976–1980 ( 200 days total ) and combat training cruises in 1960 ( passed miles... Continuous tracking of first generation Soviet nuclear-powered submarines in 1961 ( passed 1,356 miles and. Use. [ 7 ] 128,443 miles over 30 years ( 1958–1988.... 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