"Maarianhamina recorded 0.2 hours of sun and Seinäjoki 0.1 hours so far in December," Kokko explained. In winter the drizzle is often freezing, and this makes road conditions very slippery. Summer precipitation is normally in the form of brief rain or thunder showers. The southwestern part of the country and the coastal areas receive a permanent snow cover during December on average, and it arrives earlier inland than by the open sea. See how Green Paths, a prototype app from the University of Helsinki’s Digital Geography Lab, helps cyclists and pedestrians in the Finnish capital area choose routes with the cleanest air and the least noise. At night a contrary land breeze stirs on the sea. Finland is situated right in the far north, between latitudes 60 – 70 °N. In northern Finland, on the other hand, the daytime temperature rises from –5 at the beginning of March to +5 at the end of April. In summer winds are much lighter than in autumn or winter. In the far north of Lapland (69-70 °N) the sun stays below the horizon for the whole of December and the period of gloom does not end until January 16. North of the Arctic Circle, the sun is above the horizon for 24 continuous hours at least once per year and below the horizon for … The last cool summer occurred in 1998. This can last as long as 50 days in northern Finland. Produced by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Department for Communications © 1995 - 2021, Fresh air and quiet: App finds best Helsinki routes for bikers and hikers, Fleeting fame: Finland’s “centre of population” exists in the middle of nowhere, For many in Finland, sustainability is the obvious choice, Finnish innovations for overcoming plastic waste, Produced by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Department for Communications © 1995 - 2021, snowy in the north; Northern Lights shine through Lapland nights, brings in the thaw; Lapland alone keeps its vernal snow for winter sport. From the Midsummer festival (around June 24) to mid-August afternoon temperatures are typically between 20 and 23 degrees, and in Lapland, too, they are often about 20 degrees. Leaves obtain their colourful tints after a few nights of frost. There are a few days of summer warmth at the beginning of September. Besides the very few hours of daylight that there are at this time of the year, there were only 12 hours of direct sunlight during the first 26 days of November. Plan to do day trips from Rovaniemi. Further south change in temperature over the course of a day is somewhat smaller than in Lapland. August is also the perfect time to visit Finland. Thereafter, the days become shorter every day until Christmas. The winter solstice, hiemal solstice or hibernal solstice occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt away from the Sun. October: and we keep going down…by the end of October, daylight hours in Iceland are about 9 per day. How many days do u think I need to see Lapland? In summer, even after a chilly night, the temperature in the morning rises to between 10 and 15 degrees Celsius, and the weather warms quickly towards the afternoon. The period of grey is really long throughout the country in the winter, 1.5 hours before dawn and the same duration after sunset. The warming of the climate is making winters start later than previously throughout the whole country. In the central part of the country winter weather usually prevails from November to the beginning of April, and in the interior of southern Finland from December to the end of March. In Finnish Lapland, the sun sets in late November and generally does not rise until mid-January. In July, because of rain and thunder, there are fewer than 300 hours of sunshine, and as the days shorten, especially in August, the sun shines less. Check out our extended forecasts. Snowcaps, bees in summer, flower meadows, melting glaciers, traditional mountain regions, national and regional nature parks with marmots, exciting cols, baroque churches and ski stations. It happens twice yearly, once in each hemisphere (Northern and Southern). This nation-wide website presents information about the weather and climate for almost every country around the world.Learn more. As far as weather coming from the Atlantic is concerned, Finland is situated behind the Scandian mountain range, which separates Norway from Sweden. The southern slopes lose their snow cover quickly because the sun’s rays are directed on them. A summer shower in Finland usually lasts for about half an hour. A layer of clean white snow increases the brightness by as much as 80%, because artificial lights and moonlight are reflected off it. The coldest time in midwinter (the period from December through February) is January in Lapland, and the beginning of February in a typical winter in the south. Both the Scandian mountain range and the landmass of southern Scandinavia reduce the effect of storms and rainfall before they reach Finland. Days per year with precipitation: 115 d. Average annual hours of sunshine: 1858 h. In Finland the weather can vary greatly during one day, first sunshine, then rain. In the southern parts of Finland there is no polar night, but the days are still short. So find on this website the historical weather averages in other cities in Finland and climate and forecast data for all other countries in the world. On cool days it is also often cloudy for part of the day. It is only completely dark when very thick cloud covers the sky and there is drizzle or mist. Three out of four summers have at least one extremely hot day when the temperature is over 86°F (30°C). The windiest periods are autumn and, in particular, the winter months. In clear weather the sun gives off a maximum of 20 degrees of heat. Only in central and northern Lapland can the snow cover locally linger until the end of May. Conversely, Finland is quite close to the Arctic Ocean, from where the northern winds bring cold, although clear and bright, freezing weather in winter. In Lapland they are well below zero. Partly Sunny Days have cloud covering from 40% to 70% of the sky during the daytime. The number of stormy days per year fluctuates greatly. Precipitation may start as snow, but the further south it moves the more likely it is to fall as rain. A storm-force wind on the sea is rare in the spring months; on average there is only one stormy day per month. Elsewhere in Finland the period of autumn foliage occurs during September and October. In Lapland’s glistening snow in March – April sunshine can raise the temperature from 15 degrees below zero in the morning to above zero later in the day. Some increase in summer rainfall is also expected. They’re attempting to pin down Finland’s centre of population as it moves slowly south through the quiet forests outside the city of Hämeenlinna. In summer, and winter, too, the prevailing direction of the wind is between south and southwest. Show in Celsius. Included in this list are Europe's national capitals plus cities with a metropolitan population of over one million people. In the hilly areas of eastern Finland, in the region of Kainuu and in most of Lapland the snow cover amounts to 60 – 100 cm in early April. ... An holiday in the Dolomites is recommended in every season with more than 300 days of sunshine a year. In Lapland the period of colourful autumn foliage begins,lasting a few weeks and steadily moving southwards. Hot spells are more frequent and they last longer. 5.4 °C. The archipelago consists of 6,500 islands, islets, and skerries. Temporary thaws accompanied by rain do not melt the snow in Lapland, although they do further south. There are, on average, four stormy days in Finnish sea areas in November, which shows that stormy winds do not blow in Finland all the time. All the numbers are annual averages, made from years of weather watching. Winter in Finland includes days when the temperature is above zero. Very few summer days are cloudy or rainy all day long. A must see for the bucket list. Its neighbours are Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, Russia to the east and Estonia to the south, beyond the sea called Gulf of Finland. The snow cover is usually at its deepest in mid-March, although in Lapland the maximum is not reached until early April. In Finland summer weather fades into autumn as August comes to an end. Last week for the first time ever, the winter sun shone on the Norwegian town of Rjukan. The intense contrast in light conditions has a profound effect on all walks of life in Finland. Month Day Week Day Sun Rise Time Sun Set Time Daylight Hours Jan 22 Fri 9:00 16:04 (4:04 PM) 7 hrs 4 mins; Jan 23 Sat 8:58 16:07 (4:07 PM) 7 hrs On Day 6, you can leave the port of Turku and take a seagoing ferry to Mariehamn, the capital of the Ålands, an archipelago lying off the west coast of Finland between Stockholm and Turku. Heavy thunderstorms with pouring rain often occur on such days. At the beginning of March the daytime temperature is typically around zero in southern and central parts of the country, but at the end of April it is already above 10 degrees. Finland can have a lot of sunlight in Summer. Sometimes in summer tropically warm humid air reaches Finland from the southeast or south, raising the daytime temperature to close on 30 degrees or more. Springtime is characterized by light winds, clear weather and sunshine during the daytime. The wind stirs in the morning as the sun heats up hill and dale. Published by the Finland Promotion Board On Sää Varoitukset you find a numerical weather prediction, which shows you the expected sunshine duration in Finland. And in November 2001 there were exceptionally severe autumn storms, which caused damage to forests in inland areas. When there is a strong ridge of high pressure, the longest spells of dry weather last 2 – 3 weeks. If there is high pressure, the weather is generally sunny and dry, even if fair-weather cumulus clouds (Cumulus humulis) may develop into thunderstorms (cumulonimbus) in the afternoon. In the far north of Lapland the nightless nights last from May 17 to July 27. Finland’s northern location and the closeness of a big ocean can be clearly seen in the climate statistics (tables for a number of localities for the period 1981-2006). Basic information, like local time and the location on a … The monthly total of sunhours over the year in Helsinki (Southern Finland), Finland. Then the temperature is only 10 – 15 degrees in Lapland during daytime and 15 – 18 degrees in southern and central parts of the country. The following is a list of cities by sunshine duration.Sunshine duration is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. In the spring the winds are much lighter than in winter. This period starts at the end of May and continues to mid-July. Winds blowing from the north bring cold air from the Arctic Ocean. Although it is possible to still go skiing in Lapland in the spring, in other parts of Finland, people shed their winter layers and take nature strolls to replenish their Vitamin D. Summer is officially cottage season in Finland. We collected past weather data from many thousand weather stations around the world. Green, sometimes purple, red and yellow streaks of light colors the dark skies. In summer the air is often quite calm at night. This pattern is, however, sometimes interrupted by troughs of low pressure arriving from the southwest and bringing snow and sleet and a cold spell in spring as late as May. November is also the time of winter storms. Because in the north the sun is above the horizon in the middle of summer for a long time, it is possible to enjoy sunlight on clear days for 18 – 19 hours in southern Finland and 24 hours in Lapland. In really mild winters it even rains for a few days in Lapland. Hailstones may also fall but they are fairly rare. 11 hours, 48 minutes shorter than summer solstice (Jun 21, 2020) Hot and record-dry summers or comfortably warm summers with heavy rainfall have been experienced in Finland for more than ten years. On a clear night the temperature often falls below zero. The annual average for hot days is 35. Once these colours fade away in the north, they reappear quickly in southern Lapland. The world needs a wide range of innovations if it is to rise to the challenge of reducing single-use plastic. Get notified about our newest bucket list destinations and more! In southeastern and eastern Finland the snow cover is between 40 – 70 cm in the middle of March. In fact in northern Finland in general and in parts of eastern Finland, too, the ground is usually already covered in snow in November. In southern Finland,especially on the coast, summer temperatures linger until mid-September. It often rains in December, sometimes even in January and February. In recent years it has occasionally been as high as 20 degrees at the end of April. In Finnish Lapland a single summer day lasts for over two months. In a dry summer, such as 2006, it rained less than a half of the average and in places on the coast only a quarter compared with the long-term average. Lapland, north of the Arctic Circle, has “nightless nights” in the middle of the summer, when the sun does not sink beneath the horizon at all. In addition to the brilliant architecture, magnificent castles, ancient churches and unusual museums, fascinating beauty of nature is one of the main reasons why the country annually attracts about 5 million people. Finland (Finnish: Suomi) is a country in Northern Europe and is a member state of the European Union.Finland is one of the Nordic countries and is also part of Fennoscandia.Finland is located between the 60th and 70th latitudes North. I even caught the sun as I spent a pleasant day people-watching on Aker Brygge. The increasing mildness of winter is apparent in the 2000s in weather statistics: rain and drizzle are more common than they used to be. Perhaps what defines spring better than anything else is the sight of shorts. In spring the temperature varies greatly between night and day as the sun brings warmth during the daylight hours. In the extensive archipelago off the southwestern part of the mainland the snow cover does not become permanent until the New Year. The cold air first arrives in Lapland, from where it spreads rapidly to central and southern parts of the country. Lapland is huge – covering a third of Finland’s total area, so choose your base wisely. According to climatic definition, when the average daily temperature remains below zero, it is winter. In the forests and shaded places on northern slopes snow disappears 1 – 2 weeks later than in open spaces. In winter the sun does not warm the air as it is low, close to the horizon. The evenings have already been light for several weeks. The number of thundery days per year varies from 6 to 20. Spring in Finland begins with the hot sun and the quick melting of the winter snow. During the past 15 years record mild early winters have been experienced, in 2006 for example, when it was almost December before the first snowfalls occurred in the north. Spring starts in the southern part of the country first, and spreads out in a good seven weeks over the entire country. Winter weather in the southwestern archipelago, when the sea is ice-free, lasts about three months (December-February) and in northern Lapland more than six months, from mid-October to the end of April. The rich colours of the autumn last a week or two, their timing varying from year to year. The hub will finance a "free 90-day relocation package to Helsinki," and kids are invited. Average rainfall from June to August varies from 180 millimetres on the coast and in northern Lapland to 225 millimetres inland. © 2010-2021 World Weather & Climate InformationAll rights reserved. Around dawn, in southern and central parts of the country, as the sun rises, the lowest temperatures are below zero. In Finland a day is called hot when the afternoon temperature is at least 25 degrees. The times of sunrise and sunset in Finland are significantly influenced by the country's very northern position in the hemisphere. Winter is the longest season in Finland. September: daylight is reduced to 12-13 hours per day. One of the earliest Christian martyrs, St. Lucia was killed by the Romans in 304 CE because of her religious beliefs. Although rainfall amounts are generally quite small, snow may fall persistently. The highest summer temperatures in Finland during the 2000s have varied between 30 and 33 degrees. How many sunny days in Sydney per year? In Finland, days when the highest temperature is above 25 degrees Celsius are recorded as hot days. Sometimes in January or February continental winter high pressure that has formed in Siberia moves westwards and brings dry but icily cold weather to Finland, especially the eastern part of the country as well as Lapland. The last month of the winter, Febrero, is another cold month in Copenhagen, Denmark, with average temperature ranging between max 2.8°C (37°F) and min -1.9°C (28.6°F).In Copenhagen, the average high-temperature is relatively the same as in Enero - a still cold 2.8°C (37°F). The days are long and the temperature is amazing. For example, the average date for the start of the permanent snow cover in the Helsinki region is Christmas Day, December 25. In spring there is little rainfall in Finland because the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere is dry after the cold winter. However, when the sky is clear, it is not pitch black. Staying in Helsinki? Flashes of lightning are frequent and heavy rain is also part of the picture. A permanent snow cover settles on northern and central Lapland on average after mid-October. At night the sea breeze weakens and the coastline becomes calm. Deep troughs of low pressure coming from the Atlantic bring stormy winds and rain. Radio stations issue warnings about the hazardous conditions which require extra caution from road users. Average Sunshine a Year at Cities in Europe The tables below give yearly averages for the number of sunny hours at major cities throughout Europe. In the province of Oulu and in central Finland the first snow typically falls in October, but the period of permanent snow cover does not begin until about a month later. Finland is one of the few countries in the world whose surface area is still expanding. Moonlight provides its own splendid atmosphere on the fells, not to mention the glowing of the Northern Lights in the grey-blue sky. Average annual precipitation: 643 mm. By Anneli Nordlund, senior meteorologist, Finnish Meteorological Institute, January 2008. Total Days With Sun is a sum of the Sunny plus Partly Sunny days. You can make comparisons with the climate of your own country. In Finland’s maritime areas storm-force readings (more than 21 m/s) are recorded on average on four days in November, December and January. The changeover to winter weather in Finland takes place fairly quickly in November and December. Widespread storm systems that cause damage occur less frequently than once every other summer. At the beginning of summer it is very sunny on the coast because the sea breeze from the cool sea keeps the rain clouds inland in the afternoon. The Åland Islands and the Turku archipelago are the areas with the shortest period of snow cover. Subscribe to our newsletter. In March-April the sun sheds powerful warmth on the dark forests and the ground, which has reappeared from under the snow. At the end of October the temperature is about six degrees lower than at the beginning of the month. The Verzasca Valley There is relatively little rain in Finland in early summer. In both areas the snow comes at the turn of the year and the final remnants melt away at the beginning of March at the latest. This is why we call Finland the Land of the Midnight Sun. Finland is situated right in the far north, between latitudes … The autumn equinox, when day and night are of equal length all over the world, occurs on September 21. This criterion was met in June 1999 (22 hot days), July 2003 (27 hot days) and August 2002 (26 hot days). They show the weather statistics at both average and record values. In Lapland autumn weather starts at the end of August, with the advent of the first real frosty nights. With warming of the climate, the frequency of violent thunderstorms may increase. Location determines weather and climate. These people live in relatively dry countries that have many sunny days. With up to approximately 19 hours the longest days happen in Juni. The same view in winter. In the south of the country daylight in December lasts only for 6 hours. Days 6 & 7: Åland Islands. Winter weather arrives first in the north. At this time of year, the snow softens into crystals during the day and some of it melts, but with freezing temperatures at night it solidifies once again. The average number of hours of sunshine on the coast in May and June is more than 300, whilst inland the figure is slightly lower. Only towards evening can they move from inland towards the coast as the wind weakens. Curious what the average weather is like in Helsinki in a specific month? of rain. Relatively high in the north the days in summer are long and short in winter. There are 8 of us. An experience that belongs on your bucket list. Many Finnish people place great value on sustainability, and it shows in the way they choose to live their lives. In summer Finland receives doses of cold air from the north and northeast. St. Lucia’s Day, festival of lights celebrated in Sweden, Norway, and the Swedish-speaking areas of Finland on December 13 in honor of St. Lucia. View of Helsinki South Harbour in summer. At similar latitudes in other parts of the world, such as Siberia and Canada, it is much colder than in Fennoscandia. Numerous start-ups and companies in Finland are working to devise solutions. Because of our northern location and because nights are light from the end of May to the beginning of August there is daylight in summertime around the clock across the whole of Finland. On clear days the beautiful, blue-tinted grey can be enjoyed for a long time, much longer than in central and southern Europe. The warm Gulf stream is responsible for the fact that even in the most severe winter weather in Finland happy campers plenty of Sunny days and absence of severe frosts. That is why it is often clear and sunny in spring. Snowfalls and the depth of snow cover are decreasing as the climate becomes warmer. The climate is becoming warmer all over the world, including Finland, where in the 2000s summers have often been warmer than usual. on average auzzie gets 90 percent sunny days ! In the middle of summer (July-August) enormous thunderclouds can develop in Finland, almost like in the tropics. The timing of the start of permanent winter varies greatly in different years. The effect of the sea breeze extends 10 – 20 kilometres inland from the coast. The hottest weather in the summer, on the other hand, generally comes from the southeast, bringing thunderstorms and heavy rain showers. The northern lights, polar light or Aarora Borealis is a true spectacle of nature! Average monthly hours of sunshine in Helsinki (Southern Finland) The monthly total of sunhours over the year in Helsinki (Southern Finland), Finland. In a bold headhunting effort, the Finnish capital city of Helsinki is offering a sabbatical in the Suomi state for Silicon Valleyites. Autumn and spring are short and the weather in those seasons has its own beautiful features reflected by the natural surroundings. The average rainfall in May and June is 40 – 60 mm, compared with 65 – 85 mm in July and August. By November the change to normal time has been made and the daylight keeps getting shorter. Seinäjoki in western Finland usually gets an average 18 hours of sun in December, which means the city should have seen around nine hours by now, according to Kokko. Italy. The temperature on a winter day is determined to a large extent by whether cold, dry air has flowed to Finland from the north, in which case the weather is clear, or a moist, windy and cloudy thaw, warmed by the Atlantic, has moved in from the southwest. In the autumn and winter in particular the weather in Finland is dominated by troughs of low pressure that form over the North Atlantic and usually come to Finland from the west or southwest. Helsinki, Southern Finland, Finland - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at Helsinki, Finland The sun shines most at sea in the southwestern archipelago and on the coast. Sometimes continental high pressure from Siberia moves westwards in summer, bringing very dry, hot weather to Finland. A meteorologically minded guide to the four seasons of Finland. However, given the briefness of the days and the frequency of cloud cover, in winter the sun is almost never seen, while in June and July, it shines roughly 37% of the time. Average date for the first snow usually falls in the summer, bringing very,. 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