A British clergyman of the Anglican Church, Whitefield’s eloquent oratory skills and charismatic personality helped spark the spiritual revival known as “The Great Awakening” throughout Britain, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and the North American colonies. He spread the Great Awakening Revival, which helped unite the Colonies prior to the Revolutionary War. Franklin once emptied his coin purse after hearing him speak in Philadelphia. What were the effects of his and other revivalists’ itinerant preaching, in homes, churches, and colonies? The First Great Awakening divided many American colonists. Purpose/Objective:  Students learn about George Whitefield and his evangelistic preaching and tours throughout the colonies in mid-1700s America, which played an important role in converting many colonists to Christianity during the Great Awakening. While far from an abolitionist, Whitefield was deeply disturbed to witness the brutal treatment of slaves. His practices changed expectations and demands for church leaders. However, one of the more prominent preachers that stood out among them all was George Whitefield. His first sermon was delivered at age 21. Q: Who were the leaders behind the Great Awakening? He became one of the first public figures known throughout the colonies and, Noll says, “the single best-known religious leader in America of that century.”  All churches were influenced by his efforts. British Methodist evangelist George Whitefield (1714 - 1770). Whitefield practiced an innovative approach to evangelism using rhetorical techniques, media, and the marketplace. It was during this time that Whitefield experienced a profound spiritual conversion described as the “new birth.”. Whitefield’s wife ministered by his side for 28 years until her death in London in 1769. In addition, he used media like the new colonial newspapers and market advertising to spread the Christian Gospel and to raise publicity for his tours. George Whitefield understood his mission clearly—to spread the gospel of the new birth. American Minute with Bill Federer: George Whitefield and the Great Awakening Revival George Whitefield and the Great Awakening Revival George Whitefield had attended Oxford with John and Charles Wesley,who began the Methodist revival movement within the Anglican Church. He preached multiple times a day, and soon crowds of thousands were hanging on his every word wherever he spoke. Not only were his audiences unprecedented in size, but his listeners found themselves spellbound. Whitefield preached more than 18,000 sermons in his lifetime, an average of 500 a year or ten a week. This tavern, of which his father was proprietor, located in a rough neighborhood, was his childhood home. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was a notable evangelist of the Great Awakening in 1700s America who turned the Christian evangelical revival into an inter-colonial or “national” movement. 3. George Whitefield. It was part of the religious ferment that swept western Europe in the latter part of the 17th century and early 18th century. -- George Whitefield . He is a born orator. Historians have called Whitefield’s dissonant view on slavery “the one dark blot upon an otherwise unspotted career.” At the time, however, Whitefield’s position was not uncommon among White Christians in America, with only the Quakers criticizing the practice of slaveholding and labeling it sin. The First Great Awakening in America - George Whitefield The first Great Awakening in America resulted in a quantum leap forwards in the life of the church and the nation. Start studying Great Awakening: George Whitefield. Known For: Anglican clergyman famous for his spellbinding, revival-style preaching to most of the 18 th -century English-speaking world during “The Great Awakening.”. After a split over these theological differences occurred, Whitefield relinquished leadership in the Methodist societies to Welsey. Have students visually chart, draw, or map Whitefield’s 1740 preaching tour throughout the 13 colonies (and perhaps other tours and the years they took place). But in fact these events had been preceded by similar revivals in Wales some years earlier, predated ag… He made his first, most famous continental tour in 1740, from Boston, Massachusetts, to Savannah, Georgia. He did not seek to build a name for himself or a legacy on earth. Great Awakening Principle:  Purpose for Just Civil Government Edward’s wife, Sarah, observed, “He makes less of the doctrines than our American preachers generally do and aims more at affecting the heart. Whitefield’s preaching stirred crowds with enthusiasm, which was criticized by the formal, established churches of the day. George Whitefield was born in the Bell Tavern, Gloucester. Where did he go and when? •1720 – 1740: Great Awakening – George Whitefield, Edwards, Gibbens – threatning - salvation for all, extreme piety, Divine Spirit • 1733: Georgia Colony is founded. This message of new life resulted in the Great Awakening, and opened the door for the American Revolution. Whitefield’s messages were so well received by slaves that some historians labeled their response to him the start of African-American Christianity. He read theatrical works endlessly and even skipped classes to practice his school performances. Students read sections Introduction and 5.1, 5.3, and p. 146. From Book: 131 Christians Everyone Should Know. Great Awakening Principle:  Happiness With his flair for dramatic expression, Whitefield’s sermons were exceptional, bringing the characters of the Bible to life like never before. George Whitefield was one of the most dynamic and famous Christian ministers of the 18th century, yet today remains relatively unknown. George Whitefield, (born Dec. 27, 1714, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.—died Sept. 30, 1770, Newburyport, Mass. Learn more about the Great Awakening. Whitefield ignited the Great Awakening, a major religious revival that became the first major mass movement in American history. 2)  Related blogs/videos (see above). Whitefield and Revival Go to All the Colonies…. George Whitefield, The Evangelist July 2020 | The Prophetic Witness “Bundle” John Pollock John Pollock vividly portrays George Whitefield and his times – George’s long search for peace with God, his joy at being forgiven and justified through Christ’s atoning death and then his enthusiastic sharing of the Gospel. George Whitefield was a leader of the First Great Awakening in colonial America. The dramatic response of churchgoers in Bristol and London in 1737, and of the Kingswood colliers with white gutters on their cheeks caused by tears in 1739 under the preaching of George Whitefield, is marked the start of the awakening in England. George Whitefield was a preacher that came to America from England, and began to tour the American colonies. In childhood, George discovered an unquenchable passion and extraordinary gift for the performing arts. Source:  Kamrath, Angela E.  The Miracle of America:  The Influence of the Bible on the Founding History and Principles of the United States of America for a People of Every Belief. Related articles/videos: In this smart little biography we meet a number of other giants involved in the Great Awakening. Elizabeth gave birth to their only child in 1743, but the baby boy died only four months later. Fewer than 90 have survived in any form. 16 December] 1714 – 30 September 1770), also known as George Whitfield, was an Anglican cleric and evangelist who was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement.. Born in Gloucester, he matriculated at Pembroke College at the University of Oxford in 1732. After he and Whitefield became friends, Franklin printed the evangelist’s Journal, which turned out to be a best-selling publication. 15. Members of the press dubbed George Whitefield “the marvel of the age.” The spiritual revival that he helped to spark—The First Great Awakening—was a defining event in American history. George Whitefield and the Great Awakening. He was the first person in America to skyrocket to celebrity status, but remain a man of high integrity. He was known as the "Great Itinerant" because he traveled and preached all around North America and Europe between 1740 and 1770. Passion was the key to Whitefield’s fruitful preaching ministry, and he never lost his zeal for speaking of Christ. 1. Great Awakening Principle:  The Judeo-Christian Law of Love Houston, TX:  American Heritage Education Foundation, 2014, 2015. Great Awakening Principle:  All Men Equal Before God At Whitefield’s funeral, John Wesley said that history records none “who called so many myriads of sinners to repentance.”. Shortly after, George left for America, where he would die a year later. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the Great Awakening. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the Great Awakening. As a child Whitefield loved acting, and he mimicked the preachers whom he heard. Born: December 16, 1714, in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. 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