For centuries, czarist regimes forced their strict demands upon the populace by exerting their unilateral power, with no moral consideration for human life or freedom. The people of the country suffered greatly under the regime of the many of the Czars through reforms, incompetence and general disregard of the needs of the people. During the In January of 1905, protesters were protesting in front of the winter palace because of extreme poverty and starvation, Betina Velasco They could not handle the very low payment and long working hours, 14 hours in average, and soon ended up revolting and rising riots and marches, December 2016 A few of the terrible conditions were food shortages and overcrowding populations that became brutal and uncontrollable, The Russian Revolution had happened for two years from 1904 to 1906. Although Russian Revolution is usually acknowledged as one revolution, it in fact consists of two different revolutions. In 1891 a great famine occurred, due to rapid industrial growth. Only one side can prevail. The industrial workers were the biggest group that had received great hardships and the biggest contributors to the Russian Revolution. Provincial leaders began to complain that the peasants took the promises of the Manifesto and seized lands as the peasants still resisted tradition authority37, The people continued to revolt. Home — Essay Samples — History — Russian Revolution of 1905 — Russian Revolution This essay has been submitted by a student. In November, the country was in full rioting. What was intended as the people of the nation coming to their Tzar in peaceful display for help turned into a day of massacre. Research Essay - Russian Revolution In the early 1900’s depression set in and many Russians became unemployed. It can be argued that the most important reason of the cause of the 1917 revolution was the tsar’s political failings, where he lost his last opportunity of saving the Romanov dynasty. The Russian revolution was caused by the continual breakdown of the governments in Russia and the incompetency and authoritarian views of it’s czars. The October revolution took part in November 1917 which is often referred to as the November revolution. These reforms, along with other reforms, were still not solving the problems for the people within Russia. 'Brushed aside the hand that was offered them’ this was said by Milyukov, Kadet leader. On January 7 Father Gapon was ordered to put an end to the march. The respite of the ban was seen by the people as the main cause of the famine13. However in this essay one will argue that the economic problems caused be … The Crimean war took place from October 1853 to February 1856. French traveler who visited St. Petersburg. Use evidence and historians’ views to support your answer. It wasn’t until the government and Duma officials came a an agreement accepted by the regime and the people that the revolution of 1905 came to an end. The people began to call for a constitution.34 In September unrest continued to escalate. It was known by many that that the events of Bloody Sunday where just the beginning as shown in a letter by a student named Kerensky: “I am sorry not to have written to you earlier, but we have been living here in such a state of shock that it was impossible to write. This was all made worse by the loss of the Russo-Japanese war of 1904, the depression and the beliefs of the people that they were not being treated well17. The people panicked and some of the marchers dispersed, but most dropped to the ground. In January over 400 000 workers participated in a workers strike across the country. All work is written to order. Social groups began to reappear with great enthusiasm15. Causes of the Russian Revolution Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution: Poor Living and Working Conditions. Bloody Sunday was final blow to the Russian people who after this day fully revolted against the Tsarist state. In November, The All Russian Peasants Union met in Moscow. Reforms,such as the Emancipation of the Serfs, creation of the Zemstva aided in the beginning of the road to revolution. Many wars have taken place in Russia and all of them were factors of which caused revolutions. He supported the Nobles, as for the government it was small, inefficient, and. *You can also browse our support articles here >. 1st Jan 1970 Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The soldiers, who were nervous, also panicked and open fired into the crowd. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution as the people suffered under the regime of a Czar. The All Russian Peasant Union to over 100 000 members in 42 provinces. Reforms,such as the Emancipation of the Serfs, creation of the Zemstva aided in the beginning of the road to revolution. Only Marxism seemed able to explain the causes of the famine and began to become a national ideology. Reference this. The governmental body, the Zemstava was established in 1864 and held responsibilities such as social welfare6. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. ...'The underlying causes of the 1905 revolution in Russia were not political. The fundamental causes of the Russian Revolution were the direct consequence of a dreadfully long period of suppression of the Russian people combined with a prolonged instability of the Russian government. The Appeal of Lenin and the Bolsheviks. November 1891, the government finally issued an imperial order asking for volunteers to help with the crisis they were unable to deal with14. This name was because priest disagreed that workers had no rights to he went to Czar’s house and just started shooting everywhere. Czar Nicholas II’s repressive response was met with more rebellion from the inhabitants of the country. The Russian Revolution of 1917 covers the major events such as the February Revolution and the October Revolution that result in the established of the Soviet Union. These economic issues troubled Russia before, during and after World War One. The revolution came about through a long phase of repression, unrest, and poverty for the average working-class Russian of the 20th Century. In fact, revolutions would often come after wars or sometimes even while it took place. During the Russian Revolution, many of the citizens were left to starve and were controlled by a corrupt government due to the poor leadership of Czar Nicholas II.The people of Russia were greatly affected by the Revolution by this because it changed their, The Fundamental Causes of the Russian Revolution However, these groups were often not trusted by the workers who supported mutual aid schemes devised by other workers20. 622 Words3 Pages. The people of Russia split themselves into several political groups, all fighting over how the government should be run. CAUSES OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION OF MARCH 1917 Ben I’ve got to do an essay on the Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917. The October Revolution was caused solely by Bolshevik decisions. As the marchers approached the Narva Gates, they were faced with the guns of the waiting infantry27. Causes of the Russian Revolution Essay. October 26, 2014 The historians, for example, have been confronted by the questions of whether the revolution was a response to conditions in Russia or it was part of an inevitable political and social process as Marxists claims. How far do you agree with this claim? The Russian Revolution caused the encounter of labors and people. Since the socialist government overthrew the czarist government, there were both political and economic exchanges occurred in the revolution. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Their sacrifices and protests eventually made the revolution come true. Company Registration No: 4964706. Russia was an enigma, it was feared because of its massive size, the Tsar was an Autocrat, which means no legal restrictions on the Tsar took place and no elections were represented. The reform, which was intended to help the peasants and help industrialize the country, did not actually help the peasants at all but increased their impoverish state. Vladimir Lenin himself said “History will not forgive us if we do not assumer power” The October Revolution was a bloodless event. A long line of tyrannical Tsars had ruled the country self-interestedly for many centuries, and over 95% of the country lived under severe economic and social conditions. The soldiers fired two warning shots and a third gun was aimed directly at the crowd. 1st Essay Sample on Causes of the Russian Revolution Throughout global history, there have been major social, economic, and political revolutions. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most explosive events in terms of politics, that Russia has ever come in contact with. In attempt to explain the causes of the Russian revolution, the historians raised various questions. a freely elected legislature of people’s representatives) or there will be a bloody and terrible conflict, no doubt ending in the victory of the reaction.” 30, Throughout 1905, peasants continued to participate in strikes. VAT Registration No: 842417633. The writer of this source, Alexander Guchkov was the leader of the Octobrists, a party basically loyal to the Tsar and his government. The Russian Revolution happened because of discontentment of with the tsar, poverty in Russia, and lack of control over the government. The peasants paid more money to the monarchy than they did to landlords, and nobles kept the best lands for themselves resulting in the peasants to have land which was difficult to farm3. The Russian Revolution Here are some of the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917: ~Failures in the War ~The mutiny in the Army ~The Tsarina and Rasputin ~Food Shortages ~Strikes PREFACE: In 1904 The Tsar of Russia (Nicholas II) embarked on a war with Japan, hoping for a quick and glorious victory that would unite the country, … Wars are what primarily caused revolutions and multiple have caused the Russian revolution in 1917. The army was not well supported or equipped to fight the more advance German forces and was often short of rifles and ammo. “The end of serfdom was a major event in Russia; yet it just wasn 't enough.”, in 1861. The Russian Revolution happened because of discontentment of with the tsar, poverty in Russia, and lack of control over the government. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. 1 Maureen Perrie, “The Russian Peasant movement of 1905-1907: Its social composition and revolutionary significance”, 9Orlando Figes, A People’s Tragedy: Russian Revolution 1891-1924 (Great Britain: Jonathon Cape, Random House, 1996), 157, 16Beryl Williams, “1905 Russia” History Today 55.5 (May 2005) : p. 44-48, 31Eric R Wolf, Peasant wars of the twentieth century (United States of America: First Harper Torchbook, 1969), p.85, 33Robert Service, The Russian Revolution, 1900-1927 () p.31-32, 35Esther Kingston-Mann, “Lenin and the challenge of Peasant Militance: From Bloody Sunday, 1905 to the dissolution of the first Duma,” Russian Review, 38.5 (Oct, 1979) pp. MWH, 6th period One of the many problems Russia had that led to the eventual outbreak of the Russian Revolution and the creation of the Communist Party was that they had a lot of economic issues. These issues caused a lot of unrest within the peasant population of the Russian regime. Discuss three reasons why a democratic government failed to take root in Russia between 1905 and 1918. Causes of Russian Revolution: • Dissatisfaction with Existing Conditions: The conditions in Russia were not optimistic. You can view samples of our professional work here. The causes included a weak government, indecisive leaders and, a … The Russian Revolution Essay. The revolution forced Nicholas II to resign and transformed the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) or the Soviet Union. Once the crisis had passed, the people no longer trusted the government as the regime had been discredited with its inability to help the people when the people were suffering. the country in 1917. When Alexander II died in 1881, his son Alexander III took the throne. It completely changed the government and outlook on life in the very large country of Russia. 4 Pages • Essays / Projects • Year: Pre-2017. The Financial Manifesto of December 1905 was signed, which called for a mass refusal to pay taxes and a demand by depositors for payments39. The three major causes of the Russian Revolution were Russia’s participation in World, 1. Effects of the First World War. It shows that faith in the government is decreasing and that a revolution is becoming more likely. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. By this time Lenin was an active member and encourage the people to ‘fight an uninterrupted revolution that might convene until socialism was established.’35On October 17 1905 the Czar issued the October Manifesto. 150 000 people marched on the Winter Palace. They marched singing Hymns and patriotic songs in a peaceful state of mind.25 The people believed they would present their problems to the Tzar, and the Tzar, having an obligation to the people, would help end their miseries and solve the problems they desperately wanted solved. The Russian revolution has three main causes: political, social and economics. The biggest mistake the government made was the postponement of cereal exports which did not come into effect until late into the crisis. At first this group was focused on forming clubs and such activities, but as time went on they became more radical. Their sacrifices and protests eventually made the revolution come true. The causes of the revolution go back many years before the actual revolution had even showed signs of breaking out. Anne The Revolution of … This event is known as the Russian Revolution (or the Bolshevik / October Revolution). The success of the movement worried the government about worker loyalty to the Tzar and it was shut down21. People from all types of work joined unions that organized massive strikes. The Russian revolution was caused by bad economy, bad leadership and World War I The main characteristic of such a society is making of capitalist production relations, where the most important part of the means of production and exchange of goods belongs to a small class of people, while the overwhelming majority of the population consists of proletarians and semi-proletarians who, by their … During the night 12 000 soldiers were dispersed through the city in anticipation of the march and to prevent marchers from reaching the palace. The Russian Revolution was an event that shaped the rest of the 20th century worldwide. The people were still quite discontented and within intellectual classes and secret societies began to for8. During this crisis the Czar displayed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants that made up the majority of the Russian population9. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution in which some can be traced back to 1861 under the rule of Czar Alexander II and his series of reforms, such as, the Emancipation of the serfs, and creating the Zemstva1. The dramatic change of government from an absolute monarchy to a communist government in Russia came to be because of a variety of different reasons. ...assess the causes of the 1917 revolution? Before 1905, Russia was a country that was led by a Czar who held full power and control over the country and its inhabitants. There were many problems with this reform. Most Important Changes Ushered in by The Industrial Revolution in Britain, UK's Option to Reform its Electoral System for General Elections, Essay about The Effect Domestic Violence Has Upon Children, Exploring the Disadvantages Catholics Faced in Northern Ireland in the Mid 60’s. Even if he had wanted to, it would have been impossible as the people were ready to die for this cause24. The events of the revolution were a direct result of the growing conflict in World War I, but the significance of an empire collapsing and a people rising up extends beyond the war effort. Now there is silence, but it is also the silence before the storm. Russian revolution had five or six causes we have three really important causes. According to some historians, in any revolution, the revolutionaries always resort to the same ideas and methods as the old regime. The Limitations of the 1917 Provisional Government. This aided in an increase in literacy as items such as books and news papers were more accessible to peasants. Between October 1905 and March 1906, The number of strikes receded from 450 000 to 50 000 soviet strikes.38. The public began to press for a greater role in the affairs of the nation. It was cold, hard, and bitter instead. Punishments, such as public floggings and the burning of peasant villages were becoming common. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Not only did the government fail to help the people, but it was also forbidden for newspapers to publicly name the problem, even though they printed the stories anyway. Whatever the revolutionaries wanted, it was not the overthrow of the Tsar.' During the In January of 1905, protesters were protesting in front of the winter palace because of extreme poverty and starvation. There were many instances that perceived the government as uncaring, as such; widespread rumors of food deliveries being held back until ‘statistical proof was given11 showing the people were unable to feed themselves, often too late for actual help; relief work schemes set up to employ peasantry who where on their death beds; and the removal and quarantine of people who had contracted cholera, which resulted in riots from the public12. In Russia, these revolutions have a variety of complex causes and often have a vast impact on the lives of the people involved. However, without an organized leader, they did not result in much success. Looking for a flexible role? 4. However, one still existed in 1904, led by Father George Gapon, The Assembly of Russian Working Men. They were a communist party and ended up taking over Russia by the end of the revolution. With an increase of population, land prices rose while income wages were kept low4. However, the Manifesto did not seem to help. By the end of the nineteenth century, Russia’s economy, government, military, and social organization was at an extreme decline. The February Revolution, in which overthrew the imperial government and the October Revolution, placed the Bolsheviks in power (britannica.com). The final blow came after an all-out failed offensive in July 1917 when, because of two arrogant officers and their personal dislike for each other, half a million Russian soldiers were slaughtered by about 200,000 German ones. During the World War 1 Russia witnessed the transition to a different and renewed that brought with itself some good and bad consequences; however it is necessary to analyze and understand each phase of the process in order to create a concept and a point of view. Politically, it was a disaster as it presented the government as irresponsible, torpid and incompetent. 1. The Russian Revolution caused the encounter of labors and people. With the Russo-Japanese war in effect, wheat exports to the far west were stopped and the economy suffered as the Czar refused to change.19 In 1902-1903, peasant revolts became more common as strikes increased. The opposition to the Czarist state, the Social Democratic parties, the Bolsheviks, the Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries, became more organized. With Russian’s politics still in a state of constant flux, Lenin realized that it was the right time to capitalize on his party’s popularity. The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. Causes of the Russian Revolution Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution: The First World War was a terrible blow to Russia. Oh, ‘these awful days’ in Peter will remain forever in the memories of the people who lived them. 434-455. It happened during the 20th century and was the rise of communism and the rise of the Soviet Union. No plagiarism, guaranteed! The Russian people saw the structure of the Government as a crumbling disaster Nobles, Priests, Officials and, the Military were rulers and the governors of Russia that weren’t effected by the change that was happening. To what extent is this true of the Russian Revolution> 2. Referring to three different wars, discuss the relationship between war and revolution in Russia between 1905 and 1921. Either the demands of society will be satisfied (i.e. It expanded to a strike of over 100 000 people stopping work on 7 January 190523. History There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution as the people suffered under the regime of a Czar. The Zemstava consisted of intellects such as doctors, teachers, nurses and lawyers who often opposed intellectual values of the state. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. It would also seem that in 1894 when Czar Nicholas II ascended the thrown, he would lead a regime that was doomed to failure with all the problems the nation was having. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? During the revolution, Russia experienced a phase of economic deterioration characterized by population increase, which strained the economy and resources in the country, failure of crops and inability of taxes to caution the country from various problems thus, resulting in massive poverty and … For three centuries before the revolution, life in Russia was not peaceful. Due to these liberal changes where elected people we given some power, people began to think they could question the authority of the Czar. The catalyst, which led to the march on Bloody Sunday, was sparked by four members of Father Gapons association being fired from their jobs22. Soon things began to settle down and people began to lose interest40. The first world war had major affect on Russia due to major defeats and inaccurate advice causing over 3.8million the be wounded and large numbers of people left dead. According to Dictionary.com, “A revolution is an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed” (Dictionary.com Staff). The Russian Revolution resulted in a variety of causes which included the harsh conditions Russians had to endure, the inability of Tsar Nicholas to rule the country efficiently, the internal failings of World War 1 and finally, the rise of the Bolsheviks after the fall of the autocracy. However, through all these issues it remains evident that the main cause of the 1905 Russian Revolution was caused by the repression and unrest of the peasants. The government attempted to deal with the famine and mass starvation, but was slowed down by its bureaucracy and a transportation system that was unable to cope10. The regime responded by arresting the delegates. Serfdom, under feudalism, is the the status of peasants in which they are bound to a lord, or master, works on their land, and can be sold like property, The Russian Revolution started in 1905 through 1917. At the same time, to maintain its status as a great power, the Tsar, Russian Revolution Estimations of the death toll ranged between 150-200 people, while 450-800 people were estimated as being injured.28 In the middle of the chaos, Father Gapon was heard exclaiming “There is no God any longer. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. It happened because there were a series of revolution that started in 1905, including the bloody sunday. “Women pla… The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most significant events in the 20th century. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! This reform offered civil liberties, a state Duma and a cancellation of peasant redemption payments36. Read More. As well, a large amount of land was sold to the peasant bank for resale to peasants with easy terms. One of these groups was the Bolshevik party. “War made revolution possible but made rebuilding society impossible”. The 1917 Russian revolution was triggered by many different events and their outcomes in the time of Tsar Nicholas IIs ruling. Mr. Lira By December of 1905 army mutinies began to take affect in cities and in Odessa on the Potemkin battleship. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! In 1917 the world saw the biggest change in the social, political and economic system of Russia. Their failures as leaders included policies that neither pleased nor benefitted the people. Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917 The causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were a combination of factors: The state of the Russian economy before World War 1 was a major factor.... Another cause was the political factor and the Tsars belief in his divine right to rule Russia. After the display of ill regard towards the peasants during the march, people, much in anger, continued to strike against the regime. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! However, the Tzar was not even at his traditional home as he had left for some quiet time and reflection with his family26. Communism had major effects in the world, because it caused many of the major wars in modern history. The demands, the right to elect permanent representatives in factories, an eight hour work day, better wages, free medical care and access to education, were typical worker demands. The Union delegates demanded a few things such as a constitutional assembly and the transfer of all landed property. The Emancipation of the serfs was a reform which allowed serfs the freedom of civil rights and allowed them to own land2. The second one is called the Bolshevik Revolution. When the war started, it was greeted with some enthusiasm but it soon became clear that the Russian industry was too far behind the standards of the time and could not cope with an expensive war. 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